-Ca - Cl-

CABALZAR, Victor            FRANCE                  (1865?1940)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-U.                 Sport Balloonist.
p: Clockmaker.
b: 12 Aug.1865 Nantes. e: Commercial College (W/E.GODARD's son).
f: First B-Flight 4 Jul.1894 with BESANCON in l'Archimede."
l: Made many sport B-Flights 1894-1900.

CABONET, Georges         FRANCE                  (1870?1930)                  (GB)
p: Professional balloonist. ***Epic flight 22 Aug.1904 (W/Louis Peter) from St.Denis (Paris) in "Cyclone." Balloon caught on a spire, and the aeronaut had to be rescued.
r: Morning Advertiser 23 Aug.1904.

CAQUOT, Albert         FRANCE                  (1885?1976)          (HP/KB)
See APPENDIX-AT.                 Military Engineer.
Name sometimes spelled: Cacquot.
d: 29 Nov.1976 Paris.
p: Bridge designer.
f: No record of ever having flown in a free-balloon.
s: Officer in the French Army, Engineer; Military inventor.
l: Credited with the development of the "P" type (35,200 cu.ft.) Kite Balloon in 1912. First used in WW-1 combat on 1 July 1917; It was unique in its use of 3 tail fins; The fin on the bottom used a scoop (to fill a ballonet) to maintain internal pressure; Also credited with the use of reinforced concrete in large structures.
m: Paris Academy of Science, President.
r: BF-M/A 1977p6.

CALLAN, J. Lansing                USA                         (1886?1970)                         (GB)
b:8 Jun.1886 Cohes, NY.
p: Builder & test pilot for Glen CURTIS; Balloon & Airship builder, Airships, Inc. 1912-17, President 1923-30.
s: U.S.Navy 1917-19, airship service. BF-J/A 1971p10.

CAMACHO-Espiritu, Carlos            MEXICO          (1940?                                 (HB)
p: Entrepreneur, USA & Mexico; Resident of Valsequillo.
f: Helicopter pilot (bio-data unknown) ***Epic series of flights 3-26 May 1968 (solo) in "El Espiritu de Puebla", from Puerto-Vallarta to Tuxapan. FIRST trans Mexico voyage, Coast to coast (668Km.) in 24 days. First leg was an endurance record of 7:35.
r: Ciencia Para Todas, Enero 1975; BM-JF 1978/14.

CAMACHO, Jose Luis            SPAIN                  (1940?1996) K                  (GB/HB)
See APPENDIX-B.                        Sport Balloonist.
d: 30 Aug.1996 Atlantic Ocean.
p: Meteorologist, Spanish National Meteorological Institute.
l: Avid Gas balloonist; Represented Spain in many events; Owner of Ultramagic M-77. ***Epic flight 30 Aug. 1996 (W/Son, Juan Francisco, age 14) from Cadiz in Bahia Sur. Sudden wind change known as a levante blew them out to sea. Jose’s body was found 5 days later, but son was never recovered.
h: Ashes dispersed by balloon over Los Arcos de la Frontera, his favorite flying area.
r: Event press release; Skylines Nov.96p8.

CAMERON, Donald Alan            BRITAIN          (1939-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-F/I/AP/BC/BF/BL/BM/BO/BP/BU.           Aeronaut Extraordinaire
b: 16 July 1939, Glasgow Scotland. e: Glasgow Univ.; Cornell Univ. (USA).
s: Royal Air Force, volunteer reserve.
p: Balloon & Airship designer, builder, & pilot; Bristol since 1970.
f: First B-Flight July 1966 from Dursley with A.SMITH; First B-Solo 1968, Aldershot; CAA B-License #16 issued 1968; Also rated in airships; Balloon & Airship Pilot examiner.
l: 1972, Crossed the Sahara Desert by balloon (W/POLE); 1973, Built & flew successful hot-air airship; 1974, Built & flew unique solar balloon (140,000 cu.ft.); 1974, Est.FAI-Altitude record in 500,000 cu.ft. "Gerard A. Heineken"; 1975, Est.FAI-Duration record (18:55 in AX-10); 1975, Crossed the English Channel (W/C.DAVY); 1984, Participated in Modern G-Bennett B-Race (W/G.TURNBULL); 1990, Organized the FIRST B-Rally in Russia (May); 1992, Organized & Participated in First annual Trans-Atlantic Balloon challenge; Author/Co-Author of several B-Books.
m: British Balloon and Airship Club, Vice Chairman; BFA; Association of Balloon & Airship Constructors.
h: Montgolfier Diploma, FAI-1977; Harmon Trophy (USA); Gold, Silver, & Bronze Medals, Royal Aero Club; FAI-Gold Santos-Dumont Airship Medal-1994. ***Epic flight 21 Aug.1972 (W/Mark Yarry) in "Cumulonimbus." Crossed the Alps from Zermatt (SWI) to Biella (ITA). ***Epic flight 21 Nov.1975 (W/C.DAVY/Beauregard) in "Gerard A. Heineken." Crossed the English Channel successfully (Melbury-Angers). ***Epic flight 1978 (W/DAVY) in "Zanussi." Transatlantic attempt was unsuccessful, and they were rescued from the Atlantic. ***Epic flight 16 Aug.1987 (W/44 pax) from Bristol in "Nashua" (see H.BRINK). ***Epic flight 1 Oct.1990 (W/G.Oparin) from Cardington. Landed near Leningrad Russia establishing Alt/Dis/Dur. record for AM-7. ***Epic flight 16 Sep.1992 (W/?) from Maine w/5 other AM-7 class balloons. Don,& the Germans, landed in the Ocean. Three landed in Europe & 1 in Tunisia (see T.BRADLEY).
r: Pers-interview; Bio-data form 1983.

CAMPBELL, Bud                 USA         #-1020 (1891?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 24 Nov.1891 Cleveland , OH (from FAI-ACA files). Credits unknown as true first name may have been Mark M. or David P.
r: BF-J/A 1983p10.

CAMPBELL, David Patterson            USA         #-759 (1893?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 18 Aug.1893 Louisville, NY; Res.of Dubuque, IA 1969. e: University of Kentucky, MS-Agriculture, 1916; Sigma Nu.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy; Naval aviator #1543.
p: Secretary-Treasurer of Dubuque Seed Co.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron & Hampton Roads; FAI-ACA B-License #759 issued 15 Jan.1919.
l: Established altitude record for Single Engine Airships. ***Epic flight 1920 (as copilot) in Transatlantic attempt in a blimp. Ship was lost from the mast in a windstorm at Newfoundland.
a: 75 Fremont Ave; Dubuque, IA.
r: Contact-Profiles p403.

CAMPBELL, James N.            BRITAIN                  (1870?1920)                  (SM)
p: Professional balloonist.
l: Was sued in court for "Non-Performance"; Made a contract with Archibald Ramsden, and was paid £15 for a B-Ascent and a parachute jump.

CAMPBELL, Neil         BRITAIN                  (1858?1920)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-X.                 Professional balloonist.
b: 1858 Brighton England.
p: Worked for the Austrian Government.
f: Made many gas balloon flights; Made 133 Para-Descents by 1894.
l: 1894, Sued by estate of Herbert Johnson for brain damage from assisting in an inflation of a gas balloon 16 July. ***Epic flight 10 Jun.1894 from Brighton Beach. Ascent was normal, but pilot could not release his chute from the balloon. He rode the balloon to the ground, and narrowly escaped injury. ***Epic flight 14 Jul.1895 from Horsham. Flight ended on the ascent, when he was dashed against a chimney in a strong wind. He suffered a fractured skull & thigh, in addition to numerous other injuries. Spent 5-weeks in a hospital, left directly to the divorce court to request release from alimony (1-Pound/week) until he could work again.
r: LT-15 Jul.1895; Brighton Argus 11 Jun.1894.

CAMPBELL, Peter Carmant            USA                  (1832?1890)                  (HP)
e: Episcopal Institute; Stapleton Military School.
p: Jeweler, Inventor. Wealthy resident of New York City.
l: Author of "The Aerostat" (R629.238 A25); Builder & pilot (8 Dec. 1888) of the first successful pedal powered airship. (see C.MYERS, J.ALLEN, E. HOGAN, C.RITCHEL).
m: Respected member of the Scientific community of his day; Confidant of: Samuel Morse (telegraph), and Horace Greeley (newspapers).
r: New York Sun 15 Dec.1888; Jackson (MI) Citizen-8 Sep.1974/25.

CAMPBELL, Robert            BRITAIN          (1870?1930)                  (GB)
p: Professional balloonist; Resident of Glasgow, Scotland.
***Epic flight from Glasgow. Operating a captive balloon by a winch, a wind gust broke the restraint. He grabbed the rope, but fell from about 40', suffering severe head injuries & a broken right arm.
r: Evening Dispatch 1 Jul.1895.

CAMPLIN, Giles                BRITAIN                 (1947-                         (GB/HB)
b: 21 Aug. 1947 Whithill-Hampshire. e: Secondary School.
p: Journalist/Adventurer; Professional aeronaut, airships & balloons since 1962; LTA Consultant to Hydrostatics Ltd.
f: First B-Flight (GB) 1966 W/A.SMITH in Jambo; First B-Flight (HB) 1972 in Esso-1 W/P.LANGFORD; First Airship flight 1968 in "Chitty-Chitty Bang-Bang"; CAA & FAA Balloon & Airship licenses.
l: Co builder of the FIRST British-built balloon (Bristol Belle) 1967 W/M.BRIGHTON; Co builder of Chitty-Chitty, & Santos-Dumont airships; Crewmember of the FIRST Transalpine thermal B-Flight 1972 W/D.CAMERON; Crewmember of FIRST B-Crossing of Mt. Kilamanjaro 1974 W/A.ROOT; Author (1984) & organizer of the British "Long Jump Competition"; Pilot/participant in many other notable B-Events.
m: BBAC (FM-1968). r: Bio-data May 1995; Pers. interview.

CAMPOS, Pedro Edgar            ARGENTINA            #:26 (1891-1967)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV/CN.         Military balloonist.
b: 10 Oct.1891.
d: 27 Feb.1967.
s: Officer in the Argentine Airforce, Aviator.
f: First B-Flight 28 Jun.1914 from Palermo in Pampero-II; Landed near San Vincente after a night flight; Made 2 recorded B-Flights in his lifetime; AAC B-License #26 issued 28 Jun.1914; Airplane license #38. ***Epic flight Dec.1914 in a 50hp Farman airplane. Departing in his underwear, due to the heat of the day. He landed near Villa Ballester due to engine trouble. He went to a nearby house to borrow clothes, returning to find that his airplane was gone. After walking back to his base the next day, he found that his airplane had been recovered by other pilots, and his flying duties came to an abrupt end.
r: Argentine Aero Club records.

CANBY, John William         USA         #-693 (1897-1962)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 8 Mar.1897 Cent.Falls, RI.
d: 2 Jun.1962 Little Rock, AR. e: Tulane University, LLB-1922.
s: Ambulance driver for the French Army pre-Naval Service; Officer in the U.S. Navy 1918-21 (Ens); Naval Aviator #1968.
p: Loan Officer, Partner in Insurance Company.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron & NAS Pensacola; FAI-ACA B-License #693 issued 9 Oct.1918.
a: 460 Midland Ave; Little Rock, AR.
r: Contact-Profiles p492.

CANNON, Patrick         USA                  (1940?          (GB/HB)
See APPENDIX-BK.                 Sport balloonist; Professional Aeronaut.
s: Warrant Officer in the U.S.Army, Helicopter Pilot.
p: Professional Pilot, Test and Charter for Mitsubishi Aircraft.
f: First B-Flight 1980 W/J.Koch; Koch was his Instructor, T.Gauthier his Pilot Examiner, 800+ in balloons, more than 14000 total; FAA Designated Pilot Examiner since 1973, B-Since 1986; Accident Prevention counselor, FAA/NTSB Review Committee.
l: Placed in top 10 in 1989, 91, & 94 Nat.B-Championships; Winner of 1995 U.S.Nat.Thermal B-Championships.
m: BFA, Board of Directors; N.Texas B-Association.
a: Lewisville, TX; 214/317-8290.
r: Skylines Aug.94p4; BL-Sep.95p65.

CANFIELD, John Robert            USA                  (1934-1980) K                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Sport balloonist
b: 1934 (Bio-data unknown);
d: 6 Sep.1980 Tangent, OR.
p: Art Instructor at Lane Junior College (Eugene).
f: First B-Flight Spring 1976 W/T.Swinson (instructor); FAA-Commercial Balloon, and Private Airplane License.
l: Purchased first Barnes Balloon 1977 (destroyed by electrically heated fuel tanks, outside a Pacific Coast Motel); Owner of second Balloon Works balloon (see below); Nickname "Crater Canfield" (had many serious flight accidents); Known for his poor judgment, flight skill and technique.
m: Member of Nudist Organizations; Liked to use all-girl topless and nudist crews.
a: Resident of Marcola, OR.
h: Ashes were dropped over the flight area by his contemporaries; An annual commemorative rally has been held continuously. ***Epic flight 6 Sep.1980 (W/Daniel & Denise Fallon) from Shedd (OR). Pilot shifted from a partially full tank to an empty tank, and the burner flamed out. The balloon made a steep descent and entangled in 20,000V powerlines. John was electrocuted when he threw the drag-line to the ground. The resulting conflagration severed the basket cables and all aeronauts fell to the ground. Dan suffered broken bones, but heroically saved his wife, who recovered after 6-months of hospitalization.
r: FAA-report; Portland Newspaper 7 Sep.80; Local Pilot interviews.

CANTOLLA-Rico, Joaquin            MEXICO          (1837-1914)          (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-G.                         Sport Balloonist.
Full name: Joaquin de la Cantolla-Rico (Cantolla=Mothers name).
b: 1837, Mexico City;
d: 1914, Mexico City. e: Military College education.
p: Professional balloonist, 1863-68 era; Technician for the Federal Telephone Company.
f: First B-Flight 1862 with Sam WILSON (of USA); First solo 1863; Last B-Flight 16 Apr.1910 (W?LEBERIJA).
l: Experimented with dirigible-balloons; Brother destroyed all of his balloons by fire in 1868, as he felt the sport was too dangerous. ***Epic flight 1863 from Mexico City. Ascended in his most picturesque cowboy suit, astride a horse. Occupants landed safely.

CAPAZZA, Louis Henri            FRANCE          (1862-1928)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-U/AH/AT/AZ.         Semi-Professional balloonist, 1900-1906 era.
Dilettante, playboy, inventor; Lived in Belgium; Immigrated to the USA about 1920.
b: 1862 Bastia Corsica;
d: 1928 New York, NY.
p: Engineer, Traffic Superintendent for French Railways.
f: First B-Ascent 14 Nov.1886 from Marseille FRA; First B-Flight & Para-descent 1892 from Villette France; Pilot of Airship "Lebaudy" in France; Made more than 35 B-ascents in lifetime.
l: Made many flights in Britain 1891-92, France 1893-94; Designed a "flying saucer" shaped airship; Inventor of a parachute, made two jumps.
h: Croix de Ghevalier de son ordre, from the King Leopold-II of Belgium for research on balloon safety. ***Epic flight attempt Aug.1892 from Hendon, ENG. Balloon slipped out of the net, and launched without him. The crowd turned into an angry mob, and tried to kill him. ***Epic flight Aug.1892?from New York, NY in "Jupiter." Unique balloon used a large parachute in place of the traditional net. Launched from the Villette Gas Works, the balloon was purposely ripped in flight, allowing the aeronaut to descend safely. ***Epic flight 14 Nov.1899 from Marseille (FRA) in "Gabizos." Attempted to cross the Mediterranean Sea; landed in Appietto Corsica. ***Epic flight attempt 7 May 1903. Balloon caught fire on inflation.
r: SA-67:134, Aug.27,1892; LT-5 Sep,1892.

CAPLAN, Don Sherman            USA                  (1930-          (HB-GB)
See APPENDIX-F/BI/BX/BY.         Sport Balloonist.
FIRST B-Pilot to fly in Philippines.
b: 13 Dec.1930, St.Charles, MO; e: Univ.of Missouri.
s: U.S. Airforce, 1948-52;
p: Importer, Sport shoes.
f: First B-Flight 1968 from St.Louis with D.Zavadil; First B-Solo 6 Jul.74; FAA B-License 7 Jul.1974; More than 1000 B-Hours (10 gas flights) by 1983.
m: BFA since 1973, Chairman of Gas B-Events. ***Epic flight 1 Nov.1978 from Tunuan, Philippine Republic in a "HangStat." Launch toward the active Taal Volcano was successful, but the pilot-light was lost soon thereafter. Before it could be re-lighted, the pilot splashed into Sea-water over his head. He recovered lift after being dragged for some distance. Flight was terminated shortly thereafter over a native canoe and returned to shore safely.
r: Data Sheet July-83; BM-

CAPLAN, Natalie "Nikki" Zemliak (F)            USA (1930-1985)                         (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BJ/BL/BN/BR/BU/BX.                 Aeronaut Extrordinaire.
b: 7 Aug.1930, St.Louis, MO;
d: 28 Jun.1985, St.Louis, MO. e: Univ.of Missouri; BA-Washington Univ.; Georgetown University Grad School.
p: Analytical Drug Chemist (Food & Drug Administration); Instructor of Pharmaceutical Chemistry (St.Louis Col. of Pharmacy); Professional Balloonist, and B-Instructor (Civil Air Patrol).
f: First B-Flight 1968 from St.Louis with D. Zavadil; First B-Solo 1972 from Grafton IL.; FAA B-License July 1973; FAA B-License #359-222-413; More than 294 gas B-hours by 1984; FAA-LTA Repairman; FAA B-Pilot Examiner, 197?-84; Flew Japan (1981), Germany (1981), France, Switzerland, England; More than 1500 B-Hours (16 Gas B-Flights) by 1983.
l: 1973, Competitor in U.S. National Hot-Air Championships; 1973, Organized the First Great Forest Park B-Race; 1973, First to fly a balloon thru the St. Louis Gateway Arch; 1977, 78,79, Official pilot for the Illinois State Fair; 1978, Organized the first N.Central Regional HB Championships; 1978, Appointed Official Missouri State Balloonist; 1979, Participated in the G-Bennett B-Races; 1980, Flew in Winter Olympics opening Ceremonies; 1981&81, Competitor in G-Bennett B-Races; 1981, Placed second in Trans-Biwa race in Japan; 1982&83, Organized the McDonnell-Douglas Aero-Classic B-Race.
m: BFA, Events Comm. 1974-78, Board of Directors 1976-79; Chairwoman of many committees.
h: 1976&79, BFA-Presidents Award; 1979-80, Shields-Trauger Award; St.Louis"99's" Achievement Award; 1982, FAI-Montgolfier Diploma; Bust sculptured in her honor displayed at St.Louis Aero Museum. ***Epic flight 7 Oct.1982 (W/J.Buckles) from Albuquerque, NM in "Spirit of St.Louis." Flight landed in Duncomb, IA after covering 1357.63 Km. in 35:30. Established new FAI feminine distance record for Class AA-6 thru AA-15.
r: Bio-Data July-83.

CAPPER, John Edward            BRITAIN          #* 6 (1861-1955)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AG/AH/AS.         Military Balloonist. Aeronaut Extraordinaire.
b: 7 Dec.1861 Lucknow, India;
d: 24 May 1955 Eastbourne. e: Wellington College; Royal Military Academy; Chatham Engineering School.
s: Officer in the Royal Engineers 1880-1934, Ret. Brig.General; Served in India, Burma, South Africa 1883-1902 (3-campaigns); 1899, Asst.Director of S.African Railways; 1903, Commandant of Aldershot B-School (succeeded TEMPLAR); 1905, Replaced TEMPLAR as superintendent of the B-Factory; 1909, Commandant of the Farnborough B-School & Factory; 1911, Commandant of Military Engineering School; 1915, Chief Engineer/Inspector General; Construction superintendent of airships; 1916, Commanded the 24th Division in the Delville-Wood Battle; 1917, Director General of the Tank Corps.
p: Secretary (aeronautical expert) to the Minister of War, Distinguished Government career; Wellington College, Governor 1928-46.
f: Received the first FAI-Airship license issued in Britain; Balloon and Airplane pilot.
l: Sport balloonist 1900-15 era; Participated in many events; 1906, Constructed "Nulli Secundus"; flew it on its maiden voyage on 5 Oct.1907.
h: CB-1902; KCB-1917; KCVO-1921; Kings Medal; Queens Medal; Legion of Honor.
r: RAC-Archives; Who Was Who 1951-60; Illus.London News 2 Feb.1907.

CAREY, Henry         USA                  (1865?1915)          (GB/SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                
p: Professional balloonist 1890-95 era.
Stage name "Charles Summer"; Second husband of balloonist Carey-Warren.
r: Evening Telegraph 9 Jul.1895.

CAREY-WARREN (F)            USA                  (1865?1915)          (GB/SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                
p: Professional balloonist 1890-95 era.
f: Made over 100 ascents in her career.
l: Married balloonist Henry CAREY in a balloon over Marietta, OH in 1890 (legitimacy doubtful); Married balloonist J.William WARREN in a balloon over Neshaminy Falls 4 Jul.1895 (legitimate ceremony).
r: Evening Telegraph 9 Jul.1895.

CARMO, Gertrude (F)            USA                  (1870?1920)                  (SM)
f: First recorded flight 1892.
a: Resident of Jackson, MI. ***Epic flight (date unknown) from Detroit (MI) Exposition Grounds. Killed, details unknown.
r: Jackson Citizen 7 Feb. 1954/4.

CARNES, Peter         USA                  (1749-1792)                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-S.                 Sport Balloonist.
b: 1749 Middlesex, NJ;
d: Aug.1794 (92) Augusta, GA.
s: Sergeant in local Militia unit, 1777.
p: Carpenter, Tavern owner, Lawyer, Tobacco plantation owner.
l: Poor family beginnings; amassed fortune by time of death; Ambitious, ebullient, outgoing, practical joker; Persuaded 13 year old boy (E.WARREN) to take his place on proposed flight of 24 June 1784. Giving him the distinction of being the first to fly in the USA. ***Epic flight 17 July 1784 from Baltimore, MD in a hot-air balloon. Launch was successful, but wind above the rooftops forced the balloon to impact with the side of a building. Carnes was thrown out of the basket and fell 20-30' to the ground. Balloon continued downwind until consumed by fire.
a: Resident of Bladensburg, MD & Augusta, GA.
r: Maryland Journal 15-25 Jun.1784; Virginia Journal 24 Jun.1784.

CARNET, Lazare         FRANCE                  (1750?1835)                  (HP)
p: Member of the French War Committee in 1794; Responsible for supplying the observation balloon "Entreprant" to the French army at Fleurus, Belgium.

CARNUS, Abbe         FRANCE                  (1750?1805)                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-A.                 ***Epic flight 6 Aug. 1874 (W/LOUCHET) from Rodez, France in a hot-air balloon. Reported an altitude of 6000' after 12 minutes, and 12,000' after 18 minutes.

CARPENTER, Ford Assman            USA         #-913 (1868-1947)          (HP/GB)
See APPENDIX-S/AO/AR.         Military & Sport balloonist.
b: 25 Mar.1868 Chicago, IL;
d: 11 Nov.1947 Los Angeles, CA. e: Occidental College, Dr-Sc.; Whittier College, Dr-LL.
s: Officer in the U.S. Army Signal Corps 1888-1919.
f: Received B-Training at Ross Field/Arcadia, CA 1917. Made more than 913 free flights by 1921; Accomplished balloonist and balloon instructor; FAI-ACA B-License #913 issued 23 Feb.1921.
p: Meteorologist for the U.S.Weather Service; Lecturer at West Point and Annapolis Military academy's; Meteorologist for the Goodyear/Zeppelin Company, 1926-29; Director of the Los Angeles Weather Bureau 1929-41; Weather advisor to most all airlines.
l: 1913, Sent meteorological balloons to 108,000'; Author of numerous publications on weather and climate; Science lecturer; Cornell, Columbia, Northwestern University's; Toured the U.S. as an aviation consultant and proponent.
h: Phi Beta Kappa; Fellow in Royal Met.& Geographic Society, England; Fellow in the American Meteorological Society; Fellow in the Amer. Seismological Society.
m: ACA; NAA; NAOABCV; L.A. Chamber of Commerce Aeronautics Dept., Director; 32nd Degree Mason.
r: Who's Who in America; NT-12 Nov.1947/28/2.

CARRA, Jean L.         FRANCE                  (1743-1793)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A.          Sport balloonist 1784-86 era. (Bio-Data Unk.)

CARRIER, Mr.         USA                  (1820?1870)                  (GB)
f: One recorded flight.
Epic flight Nov.1854 from Richmond, VA. Owner (ELLIOT) was giving rides in his tethered balloon. Carrier pulled a knife from his pocket, and cut the line. Was last seen climbing rapidly into the distance. NOTE: see J.LaMOUNTAIN for similar incident.
r: Richmond Dispatch, 1854.

CARSTENSEN, George            DENMARK          (1750?1830)                  (HP)
p: Founder & owner of Tivoli Gardens amusement park in Copenhagen, the most popular and successful in Europe; Built a balloon motif Ferris wheel at Tivoli, that is still in use today.
l: Enthusiastic patron of ballooning. Sponsored many epic flights from the park center. See E.DAMM.

CARTAILHAC, Emile            FRANCE          (1845-1921)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AG. Sport balloonist 1895-1905 era. (Bio-Data Unk.)

CARTER, ?         BRITAIN                  (1870?1940)                  (SM)
p: Professional balloonist 1900-01 era. ***Epic flight Jul.1901. Parachute tore on descent; retired from the profession.
r: Penny Pictorial July 1901.

CARTON, Emile         FRANCE                  (1863?1915)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-S/U/AG/AH/AT/AZ.         Professional Balloonist.
Son, Husband, and Father (Valentine) of balloonists.
b: 1863 Paris.
s: Military balloonist 1885-90 era.
p: Professional balloonist 1890-05 era; Made 150 ascents by 1901; Balloon & Airplane constructor (shop manager for LACHAMBRE).
f: First B-Flight 1885; Won 5-balloon race from Paris 1888; Made 5 Flights in Portugal July-Sep.1903; Austria 1901-02; Flew in Venezuela 1893; USA (26 May)1893-96; Spain 1903 & 1905; Made two parachute descents at Calais in 1891; Made 300th flight in 1 Oct.1893 from Stapelton, NY.
m: Member of the French Society of Aerial Navigation; Austrian Aero Club, Official in 1902. ***Epic flight 1897 from Algiers. Trans-Medirerranean flight ended unsuccessfully with rescue from the water. ***Epic flight 30 Aug.1901 (W/SILBERER) from Vienna Austria. Landed at Ungvar Hungary after covering 370 Km.in 23:24. ***Epic flight 23 Sep.1901 from Paris. Crossed the North Sea, landed at Euxhafen Norway after covering 828 Km.in 23 hours. ***Epic flight 12 Aug.1902 (W/D.Walderode & Bolvary) from Vienna in "Jupiter." Landed at Reisenberg after an uneventful flight. The hydrogen gas ignited on deflation, and injured 30 persons.
r: Aero Philatelist Annals, Jan. 81; L'Aerophile-Nov.1901/253.

CARTON, Mme. Emile (F)            FRANCE          (1883?1940)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-U.                 Sport balloonist.
b: 1883 (92?).
f: First ascent 1890 (age 7) with LACHAMBRE; Made many epic flights by 1906.

CARTON, Valentine (F)            FRANCE          (1892?1950)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-U.                 Sport balloonist.
b: 1892.
f: First ascent 1899 (age 7) with Mother & Father; Made 22 epic flights by 1906.

CATTANEO, Atilio         ARGENTINA #:31 (1889-1957)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV/CN.         Military aeronaut.
b: 12 Oct.1889 Lobos, BS.
d: 22 Jun.1957 (?).
s: Officer in the Argentine Airforce.
f: First B-Flight 5 Nov.1915 in "Jorge Newbery" from Palomar; Landed in Velez Sarfield after one hour 55 minutes; AAC B-License #31 issued 30 Jun.1915; Airplane #71 7 Dec.1915; Last recorded flight late 1916; Staff Officer thereafter.
l: Author of "The Free Balloons" (a technical history manual).
r: Argentine Aero Club files.

CATTON, William Robert            USA            #-612 (1895?1960)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military aeronaut.
b: 16 Oct.1895 Cadillac, MI; Res.Benzonia, MI 1969. e: Oberlin College, AB-Political Science; Theological Seminary.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1918-22, 1938-45; Served as Airship pilot in WW-I, Chaplin in WW-II.
p: Pastor of United Church, Williamsport, VT.
f: Balloon & Airship training Akron & Pensacola; FAI-ACA B-License #612 issued 12 Jun.1918; Naval Aviator #1210.
r: Contact-Profiles p326.

CAUFFIEL, John                 USA #-1076 (1901?1972)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Professional aeronaut.
b: 22 Jul.1901 Rossford, OH.
d: 1972?Toledo, OH.
p: Test pilot for Goodyear; President of family owned business in Toledo.
f: Received early Balloon & Airship training at Wingfoot Lake; FAI-ACA B-License #1076 issued 20 Mar.1934.
r: BF-S/O 1984p5.

CAUFIELD, William T.M.            BRITAIN          (1880-1907) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Military balloonist.
Middle names: Talbot MacLintock.
b: 1880;
d: 28 May 1907 North Sea.
s: Officer in British Army, Royal Engineers 1899-1902.
f: Made Many epic flights in career. ***Epic flight 28 May.1907 (W/Martin-Leake) from Aldershot. Balloon was launched seaward in a high wind. Balloon was found abandoned 31 May, near the Scilly Islands. Caufield's body was recovered 1 June off Weymouth, and Martins the following day off Portland.
r: NT-30 May 1907/1/7.
r: Daily Standard 31 May, Morning Post 9 Aug.1907.

CAVALLO, Tiberius         ITALY                  (1749-1809)                  (HP)
p: Physicist; Did early experiments with hydrogen soap bubbles 1780; Did experiments with hydrogen & animal bladders in 1781.
l: Wrote an excellent history of 1785 balloon experiments; First to suggest the use of coal-gas for use in balloons.

CERES, Clemence (F)            FRANCE          (1825?1875)                  (GB)
p: Professional woman balloonist for the Paris-Hippodrome 1860 era.

CERMAK, Leander M.        USA                         (1911?2000)                         (GB)
b: Rochester, NY;
d: 11 Nov.2000 Jacksonville, FL. e: Tri-State Univ. BS-Aero Engineering 1958.
p: Flight Test Engineer, pilot for Goodyear Blimps in Akron (Chief Pilot 1968), OH; Flight Test Engineer for USLTA in Tillamook, OR.
f: First B-Flight Summer 1963 w/R.WOLCOTT) from Akron, OH; FAA License for Balloons & Airships; Total B-Time 6.25 hours.
h: Eagle Boy Scout. ***Epic flight July 1993 over New York City in the Pizza-Hut blimp. Blimp experienced a seam failure on approach and crashed in the city center. The World press covered the story as it deflated and draped over a building.
m: The Lighter-Than-Air Society (FM), first Secretary/Treasurer,
r: Buoyant Flight J-F 2001p10.

CETTI, Francisco         NORWAY          (1860-1925)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Sport balloonist 1890-1910 era.
b: 15 Apr.1860 Bergen; Resident of Norway;
d: 1925.
p: Artist, Theatrical actor; Real name: Frants Forsberg; Professional balloonist; toured with JULHES 1889-90.
f: First balloon free-flight 1889 W/JULHES from Bergen; Received balloon training 1890 at Meudon, France; Made 109 ascents (carried 97 pax) by 1900.
l: Taught S.ANDREE to fly a balloon.
h: Received Honorary B-License from Norway 12 May 1910. ***Epic flight 14 Aug.1897 from Christiana. Flew out over the North Sea for a considerable time before the winds changed. He landed at Stravanger. ***Epic series of flights from San Martin for the Argentine military, all free flights ended by rescue from the Rio Plata River.

CEVOR, Charles         USA                  (1820?1880)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-R.                 Sport balloonist 1860 era.
Name sometimes spelled "Crever" in historical works.
p: Officer in the Confederate Army, 1862-64 (not in balloon corps).
f: First flight 11 Jun.1859 (W/E.LAMOUNTAIN) from Pittsfield, MA; Bought "Pride of America" from LaMOUNTAIN in 1859; Bought "Comet" balloon from WISE (1860?). ***Epic flight 9 Mar. 1860 (W/DALTON) from Armory Hill in Savanna, GA. in the balloon "Montpelier." Ascended in a wind storm. flight covered 40 miles in 13 minutes ending with a rapid descent in a marsh near Calaboga. Balloon valued at $800 was lost. He spent two hours in the water before rescue, and the return by steamboat took two days.
r: Savannah newspaper; EB-29;

CEZANNE, Ernest         FRANCE                  (1830-1876)                  (GB)
Brother of balloonist Louis.
b: 1830;
d: 1876.
l: Sport balloonist 1870 era.

CHAMBERS, John Reber            USA                  (1946?                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-BI.                 Professional balloonist 1973-75 era.
b; 21 Oct.1944 Long Beach, CA. e: Compton College; Cal.State Univ. at Long Beach.
p: Balloonist for B.MEADOWS; Medical Equipment Salesman; Colorado Rancher 2000.
f: First B-Flight 17 Dec. 1969 from W/R.RECHS; All training done at Lancaster (CA).
l: Participant in many National events; Flew balloons in every state East of the Mississippi River by 1975.
a: 288 S.Krashen Drive; Conifer, CO 80433-9512; 303/670-1405 (9/94).
r: Personal interview.

CHAMBERS, Stephen            BRITAIN                  (1820?1863) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/X.         Sport balloonist 1852-63 era.
s: Officer in the Royal Navy 1852-63.
f: First recorded flight 17 Oct.1852 from Vauxhall Gardens (London) in "Great Yarmouth." Epic flight 18 Aug.1863 from Nottingham. Balloon crashed, but it was surmised that the pilot had been asphyxiated. NOTE: balloon had been borrowed from COXWELL.
r: Norwich Mercury 19 Aug.1863; LT-19 Aug. 1863.

CHANDLER, Alfred N.            USA                  (1870?1930)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AF.                 Sport balloonist 1907-15 era.
p: Philadelphia businessman.
f: First B-Flight 10 May 1906 W/C.LEVEE from Philadelphia, PA; 2nd ascent 26 May 1906 also W/LEVEE; No others recorded.
l: First ACA member to own his own balloon ("Initial"); Yachtsman, Early automobile enthusiast.
m: ACA; Aero Club of Philadelphia.
r: Philadelphia Public Ledger 16 May 1906.

CHANDLER, Charles de Forest            USA            #- 8 (1878-1939)          (GB/KB)
See APPENDIX-AF/AH/AI/AM/AR.         Aeronaut extraordinaire.
b: 24 Dec. 1878, Cleveland, OH;
d: 18 May 1939, Washington, DC. e: Grad. Case School of Applied Science, EE-1901.
s: Officer in U.S. Army; Enlisted 1896; Ret. Colonel; Served in Cuba 1898-99; Philippines 1902-04; Mexico 1915-16; Alaska 1904; France 1917-18; First Commander of Army Aviation School College Pk., MD) 1911; Chief of Aeronautical Div., US Signal Corps, 1 Aug. 1907; First Commandant of Ft. Omaha B-School (to 24 May) 1917; Relieved of command after horse broke his leg 8 Jun.1917; Director of Military Aeronautics 1919.
p: Aeronautical Editor for Ronald Press Co. 1925-39.
f: First B-Flight 22 Oct 1906 (W/L.STEVENS) from Pittsfield, MA; Said he received his B-License #8 in the Spring of 1907 (First /original FAI-ACA B-Licenses issued Aug.1908); First airplane ride 1909 (W/W.WRIGHT); Flew first Army airplane. a Wright-Flyer, 7 June 1912.
l: FIRST man to fire a machine-gun in flight (from Wright-Flyer); Aide to winner (J.McCOY) in 1907 US-National B-Race; Co-Author (W/UPSON) of "Free & Captive Balloons."
m: Aero Club of America, 1908; NAAOBCV.
h: Commander, French Legion of Honor; Distinguished Service Medal. ***Epic flight 10 May 1909 (W/J.Ware) from Omaha, NB. After a successful 7-hour flight, the balloon exploded on landing in Iowa. The Aeronauts survived with minor injuries. NOTE: This was the first recorded balloon flight from Ft.Omaha.
r: NT-19 May 1939/21/3; The Balloon Section.

CHANFRONT, Mme. (F)            FRANCE                  (1800?1860)                  (GB)
p: Professional balloonist 1820-25 era. ***Epic flight 1820 from Lyons, France. Ascended with no clothes, noting to observers that clothes restricted her balloon manipulations.
r: French Archives.

CHAPMAN, Edward            USA                  (1945?                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-BA/BB/BF/BU/BX.          Professional Aeronaut. (Bio-data unavailable)
p: Airline pilot, Professional balloonist.
m: BFA.
h: Montgolfier Diploma-1982. ***Epic flight 3 Feb.1981 from Prior Lake, WI in "Stormy Weather." Mouth of balloon twisted closed on descent, but it snapped open suddenly at about 2000', and he landed safely to establish a new FAI Altitude record.

CHAPPELL, Christopher George         BRITAIN          (1930-                  (HB)
b: 31 Aug.1930 Hemsworth, Yorkshire.
e: Comprehensive Schools;
p: Estate Administrator.
s: Royal Marines (Commando) 12 years/31 countries.
f: First B-Flight 5 Sep.1971 with J.NOTT from Marsh Gibbon (Bucks); First B-Solo 7 Nov.1973 from Buckingham (Bucks.); CAA B-License #102754/B issued 29 Jan.1974, reissued as #126225; 800+ B-Hours by 1991; B-Instructor, Primary & Night Flight.
l: FIRST to fly a balloon in Nigeria (W/C.Lousada 15 Dec.1976); Flew in Belgium, France, Italy, Netherlands, Nigeria, UK.
m: BBAC, Landowner Relations Officer 1988-91; Veterans Aircraft Club. h: Joint winner (W/G. Hall) of British Airways Trophy-1973. ***Epic flight 14 May 1977 (W/24-pax) from Benham in "Heineken." Balloon (500,000 cu.ft. Hot-Air balloon G-GLUE) landed safely near Berghclere. (see D.CAMERON). ***Epic flight 7 May 1988 (W/L.Muir) from Husborne Crawley in "Tacky-Jack." Night flight averaged 38.5 MPH, ending safely at Leamington Spa.
r: The Aerostat; Bio-Data Feb.91.

CHARBONNET, Guiseppe            FRANCE          (1843-1893) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Sport balloonist 1880-93 era.
b: 1843 Lyon;
d: 1893 Italian Alps.
f: Well known balloonist; Owned his own balloon; Made 55 flights in his lifetime. ***Epic flight 9 Oct.1893 (W/Wife & Ponta from Turin Italy in "Stella" Honeymoon flight (day after wedding) encountered severe winds over the Alps and was destroyed. Pilot fell into a crevasse and died. Other two were rescued, and survived the ordeal.
r: L'Independance 17 Oct.1893.

CHARLES, Jacques A.C.            FRANCE          (1746-1823)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A/C/D.         Sport Balloonist.
Mid-names "Alexander Cesar."
b: 12 Nov.1746 Beaugency.
d: 7 Apr.1823 Paris.
p: Clerk in the Ministry of Finance; Professor of Natural Philosophy at the Sorbonne (Paris).
l: Physicist, Chemist, Inventor; Conducted first experiment with hydrogen balloon 27 Aug.1783; Personal friend of Benjaman Franklin; Assisted ROBERT Brothers in providing the Hydrogen apparatus; Inventor of the Optical Megascope, and the Thermo-Hydrometer.
h: "Charles Law" (Gas Volume increases directly to Temperature increase) of Physics named in his honor. Law rediscovered by GAY-Lussac in 1802 (Charles did not publish his finding).
m: Academie des Sciences 1785. ***Epic flight 1 Dec. 1783 (W/M.N.ROBERT) from Tuileries Palace, Paris. They ascended in the first manned gas balloon, for a flight of 45 minutes, landing near Nesles. Robert got out of the basket, and Charles ascended alone to an est. 10,000' before landing. Flight covered 30 Sm. in 1:30.

CHARLY, Mme. (F)            FRANCE          (1880?1930)                  (GB)
b: Breton.
p: Professional balloonist.
f: Made 400-500 ascents in her career. ***Epic flight 24 Mar.1899 from Beaulieu. Flight proceeded normally until she landed in the sea, and was rescued by fishermen.

CHARTRES, Duc de            FRANCE          (1730?1786)                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-A.                 Sport Balloonist.
French nobleman, Father of a King.
p: Patron of the science of ballooning; Executed in the revolution of 1786.
f: Only recorded flight 15 July 1784. ***Epic flight 15 July 1784 (W/M.N.ROBERT, & C.HULLEN) from St Cloud. Balloon was oblong (40' dia. x 60' long) with oars and helm for dirigibility. Balloon had a pressure relief valve failure and was saved by a knife slash by Charles. Flight covered 159 Sm. landing at Ghistelles.

CHELTENHAM,            BRITAIN                  (1810?1860)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-X.                 Professional Aeronaut and Parachute jumper.
l: Co-inventor (W/HAMPTON) of a successful parachute. ***Epic flight 8 Oct. 1838 in England. Made a successful parachute jump from a balloon.

CHEVALIER, Henri E.            FRANCE          (1828-1879)                  (GB)
b: 1828;
d: 1879.                 Sport balloonist about 1850.

CHEVES, Langdon         USA                  (1813-1863)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-M.                 Sport aeronaut, 1855-60 era.
Son of a wealthy banker.
b: 1813, Charleston, SC.
d: 10 July 1863 Morris Island (instantly by enemy cannonball)
s: Designer & Constructor of many Civil War fortifications.
p: Noted lawyer & plantation owner on the Savannah River; Politician, Speaker of the House of Representatives; President of the United States Bank.
l: One of the original signers of the "Secession Ordinance" that started the American Civil War.
s: Officer in the Confederate Army, 1861-64.
l: Designed & financed an observation balloon at his own expense (7500 c.f. hydrogen, see J.PATTON), made of sealed silk; Used 27 Jun.1862 outside of Richmond, VA. (by E.P.ALEXANDER) at Battle of Gaines Mill; Balloon was captured by the enemy while in transport 4 Jul.1862.

CHILD, Warren Gerold         USA          #-308 (1883-1938)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military observation balloonist.
b: 7 Nov.1883 Farr West, UT;
d: 9 Jun.1938 San Diego, CA. e: Annapolis Naval Academy 1907.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy; Aviation & Submarine Tech.Officer; Commander of Long Island Naval Air Station; Commander of Paiombouf (France) Naval Air Station 1918; Superintendent of Pensacola Flight School 1926-29; Commander of Anacocta Naval Air Station 1931-33; Commander of Norfolk Naval Air Station 1933-37.
f: Received Balloon & Airship training at Akron, OH 1917-18; ACA License #308 issued 23 Jan.1918; Naval Aviator #29.
r: NT-10 Jun.1938/21/3 (T); Contact-Profiles p21.

CHODASIEWLAY, Robert            POLAND          (1820?1867) K                  (OB)
See APPENDIX-B/J/W.                 Military Balloonist.
Name spelled CHODASIEWICZ in Polish.
p: Professional soldier, mercenary; Fought with the Union Army in U.S.Civil War of 1861-65; Fought in the Brazil-Paraguay War of 1865-67; FIRST Military balloonist in S.America (Argentina). ***Epic ascent 6 Jul.1867 (solo) at Humaita. Reportedly his first ascent in a balloon resulted in its inadvertent release. He and the balloon was last seen on the eastern horizon, and never recovered. NOTE: The last balloon inflation of the war was recorded as 25 Sep. when it was also reportedly lost after release.
r: Polish Aviation 1893-1939p6. See J.ALLEN, E.ALLEN; F.AMARAL.

CHOUTARD, Emil         FRANCE                  ( 1800?1850) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Scientific balloonist, Inventor.
***Epic flight from Lyons in first covered (canvas) gondola for a high altitude flight. Balloon caught fire on ascent, and crashed.

CHRISTENSEN, Mrs. (F)            USA                  (1870?1898) K                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-B/L/S.         Professional Balloonist.
l: Made only one flight, her last. ***Epic flight 21 Aug.1898 from Bergen Beach (NJ?). Launched in a strong offshore wind over protests of her husband. She landed in the water and drowned before rescue.

CIANETTI, Ettore         ITALY                  (1880?1949)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Military balloonist 1900+ era.
f: Holder FAI-Italian Sport B-License.
s: Captain in Italian Army 1920; Aerostier, early Kite balloonist, aviator; Outstanding military career.
r: NT-27 Mar.1949p76 (T).

CIESLAK, Jreneusz         POLAND                  (1940?                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B?.                 Sport balloonist 1978+ era.
f: FAI-PAC B-License #B-6034 issued 14 Jul.1976.
a: 60-750 Poznan; Wyppianokego 14m9a; 624-34.
l: Competitor in many In'tl gas balloon events.

CIMOLINI, Antonieta (F)            ITALY                  (1883-1904) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/W.                 Professional Balloonist.
Wife of balloonist, Edward Jose Silimbani.
b: Italy.
p: Acrobat, Balloonist 1900-04 era. ***Epic flight 13 Mar.1904 from Buenos Aires Argentina, in "El Invencible de Forli." She was not going to fly due to the strong winds, but the crowd intimidated her into going. The Hot-air balloon flew out to sea and her body was never recovered.
r: History of Argentine Aviation.

CIRIACO-Pissano, Elisendo            ARGENTINA            #:28 (1891-1971)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV/CN.         Military aeronaut.
b: 18 Jun.1891 Buenos Aires;
d: 23 Jun.1971 Buenos Aires.
s: Officer in the Argentine Airforce.
f: First B-Flight 11 Oct.1914 from Palermo in "Pampero-II." Landed in Ferrari, BS after 2 hours 30 minutes; AAC B-License #28 issued 5 Jan.1915; Airplane #36 28 Jan.1914; Made two recorded B-Flights. ***Epic flight 1922, as Commander of five Bristol (B2B) fighters. Made a 1772 Km. round trip from Buenos Aires to Misiones.
r: Argentine Aero Club files.

CISARO, Edward         ITALY                  (1940?                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-B?                 Sport Balloonist. (Bio-Data unavailable)
l: Active in many National & International events. ***Epic flight 21 Nov.1972 (see F. DOLDER). Crossed the Mediterranean Sea.
a: Via Alserio 23; I-20159 Milano, Italy.

CLARAGE, Edward (Edwin)            USA                  (1870?1887) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/S.                 Professional balloonist/Gymnast,
p: Flew in the "Fair circuit" 1880-97 era in "Flying Cloud"; Performed aloft on a trapeze on same bill with M.MYERS. ***Epic flight 1887. Fell from his trapeze, died on impact.

CLARK, Birge M.         USA          #-122 (1897?1980)          (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military aeronaut.
b: Palo Alto, CA; Still alive 1971 in Palo Alto.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army; Free balloon & Kite balloon pilot; Commander of the 2nd B-Company Nov.1917; Arrived LeHarve France 29 Oct.1917; Staff officer under LAHM & FLEISHMAN at Vademey.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #122 issued 26 Sep.1917.
r: WW-I Memoirs.

CLARK, Charles Palmer            USA          #-857 (1868?1940)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 24 Aug.1868 St.Paul, MN.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army 1910-25; Commander of the 19th airship Company; Captain 1928.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Ft.Omaha Nov-Dec.1918, Arcadia/Ross Jan-Jun.1919, Langley Airship School Jan.-Jun.1922, Lakehurst Rigid Airship School Dec.1924-July 1925; FAI-ACA B-License #857 issued 27 Aug.1919.
r: Who's Who in Amer.Aeronautics-1928.

CLARK, Franklin S.         USA          #-307 (1895?1950)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military aeronaut.
b: 3o Jun.1895 New Haven, CT.
s: Officer in the U.S. Navy; Free balloon & Kite balloon pilot; No Naval Aviator number on record.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #307 issued 19 Jan.1918; Made many tethered observation ascents above moving ships in the North Atlantic Ocean 1918-19 era. ***Epic ascent 1918 from the USS Erickson off the Coast of Brest FRA in a 55mph wind.

CLARK, George F.         USA                  (1820?1852) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/S.                 Professional Balloonist.
Stage name "Prof. Fisher." ***Epic flight 31 May 1852 from Cincinnati, OH. Aeronaut fell from his balloon and died later that night.
r: NT-2 Jun.1852/1/6.

CLARK, Ron         USA                  (1940-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AB.                 Sport Balloonist. (Bio-data unavailable)
b: Cincinnati, OH; Resident of Albuquerque, NM.
p: Construction Company owner; Real Estate Investor (business associate of Ben ABRUZZO).
f: First B-Flight 1978 with Ben ABRUZZO from Albuquerque, NM; FAA B-License issued 1979. ***Epic flight 1981 (see ABRUZZO) across the Pacific Ocean.

CLARKE, Charles T.         USA                  (1880?1940)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AF.                 Sport balloonist 1900-08 era.
m: Aero Club of America. ***Epic flight 29 May 1905 (W/Delebeoque) from Paris. Landed on the Franco-German frontier and were arrested as German spies.
r: NY-Herald 30 May 1908.

CLARKE, Edward D.            BRITAIN          (1770?1830)                  (GB)
b: 1770. e: Jesus College 1786-89.
p: Professor of Minerology 1808, Librarian 1817.
f: Built and flew his own balloon in 1789; details unknown.
r: Aeronauts & Aviators p19.

CLAYTON, Henry Helm            USA          #- 30 (1861-1946)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AF/AH/AR/AX.         Sport balloonist, 1900-10 era.
b: 1861 Murfreesboro, TN.
d: 27 Oct.1946 Norwood, MA. e: Formal education ended at age 16, self-taught in sciences.
p: Meteorologist for Mass. Institute of Technology, Blue Hill Observatory, Milton, MA facility); Meteorologist for Argentine Government 1913-22.
f: ACA B-License #30 issued 1910; First B-Ascent 21 Oct.1907 with Oscar ERBSLOEH (see below); First B-Training flight 10 Sep.1908 with GLIDDEN; Made many Sport & scientific flights 1908-12 era.
l: Researcher on the effect of sunspots on weather; Pioneer of Transatlantic B-Flight forecasting, 1909; Maker of manned kites, made many observations with balloons; used for extensive studies of N.Atlantic weather; Recorded one balloon to 46,000' 15 Sep., and to 51,000' 23 sep.1905.
m: Fellow of the American Academy of Sciences. ***Epic flight 21 Oct.1907 (see O.ERBSELOH). Aide/Copilot in winning balloon of the G-Bennett B-Race, on his FIRST free flight.
a: Resident of Blue Hill (Boston), MA observatory.
r: Morning Post 13 Dec.1907; NT-28 Oct.1946/27/2 (T).

CLAYTON, Richard         USA                  (1811-1860)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A/I/S.         Professional Balloonist Cent. USA 1835-42 era.
Resident of Cincinnati, OH.
b: 1811 England;
d: 1860, Cincinnati, OH.
p: Watchmaker,
f: Witnessed first flight 25 Dec.1834 of Tom KIRKBY. f: First flight 8 Apr.1835 from Cincinnati to Munroe, VA) "Star of the West" in 9.5 hours; Made his 29th ascent from Nashville in April 1842; his last recorded flight was in July. ***Epic flight 15 May 1835 from Cincinnati, OH. Balloon became impaled on a chimney on launch. Pilot suffered minor injuries. ***Epic flight 4 July 1835 from Cincinnati, OH. Unsuccessful pre Trans-Atlantic test flight ended 100 miles East of starting point. NOTE: Balloon carried official mail dispatched from the Cincinnati Post office, and delivered to the Postmaster at Waverly, OH. (see S.KING-1877, and T.LOWE-1859). ***Epic flight 15 Aug.1835 from Cincinnati, OH. Landed in Monroe, VA after a world record flight covering 350 miles in 9 hours 30 minutes. ***Epic flight 15 Aug.1835 from Cincinnati, OH. Balloon ruptured in flight. Survived terminal velocity descent (reported to have been from 10,000'), landing near Lexington, KY. ***Epic flight 1835 from New Orleans, LA. Flight was the first to use Coal Gas in the USA. (see C.GREEN-1821 Europe).
r: Ohio Historical Society Bulletin, Apr.1955.

CLEARMONT, Henri de            SWITZERLAND          (1860?1920)                  (GB)
p: Banker.
l: Sport Balloonist. ***Epic flight 11 Oct.1884 from Strasburg. Landed in a vineyard, balloon was severely damaged.

CLINE, Don         USA                  (1945?                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-BO/BK/BR; (Bio-data unavailable)

CLINTON, Ambroze V.            USA          #-584 (1893-1922) K          (GB/KB)
See APPENDIX-B/AR.         Military Balloonist. (Bio-data unavailable)
b: 13 Jun.1893 Clapham England.
d: 20 Feb.1922 Hampton, VA.
s: Officer in the U.S. Army B-Corps.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #584 issued 10 Apr.1918; In airship training at time of death. ***Epic flight 20 Feb.1922 (see MABRY). Died in "Roma" Airship crash.
r: NT-21 Feb.1922/1.

CLIVER, Harold L. "Bubba"            USA                  (1960-                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-BI/BK (5)/BO (2)         Professional Aeronaut. (Bio-data incomplete)
b: ?1960 Amarillo, TX. e: Texas A&M, BS-1981.
p: Professional Pilot.
f: early flight history unknown.
f: BFA-Master Flight Instructor, Pilot Proficiency Level-V; FAA-Accident Prevention Counselor, Designated Pilot Examiner; Airplane pilot and instructor; 3075 (791 balloon) hours by 1993.
l: Owner of Cameron N56 "Ballyhoo"; 1989, Winner of Defiance Ohio Championship B-Race; 1990, Winner of the Great Texas B-Race; 1991, Winner of the Great Mississippi B-Race; 1993, Winner of the US-Nat. Thermal Championships; Founder of B-Clubs in Bryan (TX) & Champaign (IL).
m: BFA, Event Coordinator.
h: BFA-Distinguished Aeronaut.
a: 2523 Willow Bend; Bryan, TX 77802.
r: Bio-Data 1990

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