-Ma-Mec-

MABRY, Dale         USA                  (1885?1922) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AI/Aw/CO/CP.         Military balloonist.
b: Tallahassee, FL.
d: 21 Feb.1922 Hampton, VA (in airship).
e: Marion Military Academy. Resident of Tampa, FL.
s: Officer in the U.S. Army B-Corps 1917-19; Commander of 10th B-Company in France; Made 9 artillery adjustments in front line combat; Commander of Airship "Roma" at time of death.
f: Received B-Training at Camp de Souge, France 1917; Received military brevet for balloons and airships.
l: 1919, Aide (to McENTIRE) in U.S.National B-Race. ***Epic flight 21 Feb.1922 (w/45 crew) from Langley, VA in airship "Roma." Pitch control was lost in the nose down position. It crashed, and exploded in flames near Hampton, VA killing him and 32 crewmembers.
h: Airfield in Tallahassee Florida named in his honor.
r: NT-23 Feb.1922 p1.

MacCRACKEN, W.P. Jr.         USA                         (1880?1940)                         (HP)
See APPENDIX-AD/AE/AR.                Historic person (see McCraken, W.J.)
First names: William Patterson.
b: 17 Sep.1888 Chicago, IL.
e: Univ.of Chicago, PHD-1909, JD-1911.
p: Lawyer.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army, Bomber pilot.
f: Early airplane pilot.
p: Legal & Financial Officer to Juan Tripp of Pan American Airlines;
p: Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Aeronautics.
l: Established the amalgamation of the National Air Association and the Aero Club of America (ACA) into the National Aeronautic Association (NAA) on 14 Oct.1922.
m: American Bar Assoc, Chairman.
r: NAA-files; Who's Who in Aeronautics-1928; The Eagle Aloft; Age of Heroes.

MacDONALD, M.L.            USA                  (1870?1920)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional Balloonist.
p: Smoke balloonist 1890's; Stage Name "Darling Donald."
a: Resident of New Haven, CT.
r: Scientific American 5 Sep.1891 p147.

MACHURON, Charles A.            FRANCE          (1872-1901)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AX.            Military balloonist.
Middle name: Alexis; Nephew of LACHAMBRE.
b: 1872.
d: 16 Mar.1901 Paris (age 29).
p: Professional balloonist 1887-1900; Engineer for LACHAMBRE.
s: Military balloonist 1889-1901; Stationed at Grenoble.
f: Considered an expert balloonist in his era; Instructor to S.ANDREE, A.SANTOS-Dumont, N.STRINDBERG.
l: Co-Author (w/H.LACHAMBRE) of book on ANDREE's N.Pole attempt.

MACIAS, Alberto         ARGENTINA #:9         (1878-1951)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Sport balloonist.
b: 16 Aug.1878 Buenos Aires;
d: 2 Jul.1951 Buenos Aires.
p: Engineer, Professor of Aeronautics at the Nat.Military Academy; Diplomatic Aviation Liason to France 1930-34.
f: FAI-AAC B-License #9 issued 24 Nov.1909; Made 23 B-Flights in his lifetime; Airplane pilot license issued 12 Nov.1913.
m: AAC; FAI-Vice President.
r: Chronica Historica Aero-Argentina.

MACK, John         USA                  (1860?1930)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L.                 Professional Balloonist.
Husband of balloonist; Resident of Bridgeport, CN.
p: smoke balloonist, Made two recorded flights: #1 = 1907 from Bridgeport, CN; #2 from Morris Park. ***Epic flight 22 Apr.1907 from Bridgeport, CN. Ascent and release were normal, but he fell 1000' before his parachute opened.
r: PYA-Scrapbook; NT-29 Jun.1908 p1c5.

MACK, (Mrs.) John (F)            USA                  (1860?1930)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L.                 Professional Balloonist.
Wife of balloonist.
b: New Haven, CN.
p: Smoke balloonist, Made two recorded flights: First B-Flight 1906 from New Haven, CN. ***Epic flight 28 Jun.1908 from Bellville, NJ. Made a normal launch, but landed in the Passaic River and had to be rescued by a bystander.
r: NT-29 Jun.1908/1/5.

MADARIAGA, Felipe            ARGENTINA            #:7 (1887-1914) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Sport Aeronaut.
b: 26 Sep.1887 San Nicolas;
d: 28 Oct.1914 El Palomar.
p: Doctor of Medicine.
f: FAI-AAC B-License #7 issued 10 Oct.1909; Made 9 B-Flights in his lifetime; Airplane pilot license issued 10 Oct.1909.
m: FAI; Argentine Aero Club.
r: Chronica Historica Aero-Argentina.

MAES, Franz Joseph                 GERMANY          (1933-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BN/BO.         Sport Balloonist; Aeronaut Extraordinaire.
Nickname: JoJo.
b: 11 Dec.1933 Dusseldorf.
e: Unuversitat Akademie.
p: Professor of Architecture.
f: First B-Flight 8 Jun.1963 with Werner LOHMANN; First B-Solo 30 Oct.1966 from Essen; German B-License #NWDU-22 (GB/HB) issued 1966; More than 3240 B-Hours (640 gas,+474 Hot-Air starts) by Aug.85.
f: 1974, Made his first night flight; 1979, Placed 12th in the G-Bennett B-Races; 1981, Placed 11th in the G-Bennett B-Races; 1982, Placed 7th in the G-Bennett B-Races; 1982, Made duration (8:41) flight in a H-A balloon (16 Aug.); 1983, Placed 11th in the G-Bennett B-Races; 1984, Made duration (30:16) flight in a Gas balloon (14 Aug.); 1984, Made distance (229Km) flight in a H-A balloon (30 Sep.); 1985, Made distance (812Km) flight in a Gas balloon (2 Feb.).
m: Balloon Club Nordrhein (Dusseldorf), B-Club T.M. (Stockholm).
h: 1979-84, 6-Time winner of Diploma-Aeronautique (Gas-Balloons); 1980-82, 3-Time winner of Diploma-Aeronautique (H-A Balloons); Classic Balloon Trophy; Numerous other Trophies; 1984, Montgolfier Diploma. **Epic flight 8 Oct.1975 from Albuquerque, NM. Gas balloon flight covered 336Km. in 23:10. Encountered a sandstorm, and ended in a cactus area. Pilot got his nickname "Cactus-Jojo" because body looked like a porcupine.
r: Bio-data Aug.85.

MAENNER, Theodore H.         USA                #-81         (1891?1960)                 (GB/KB)
See APPENDIX-AR/CU.                        Military balloonist
Mid-name: Henry.
b: 3 Mar.1891 St.Paul, MN.
e: Washington Univ. (St.Louis), BS-Architecture, 1914.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army 1917-18; Training officer at Ft.Ross (Arcadia, CA).
f: FAI-ACA B-License #81 issued 8 Aug.1917.
m: Missouri Aero Society.
r: Who's Who in Aeronautics 1928 p72.

MAGENNIS, Frank Thomas            USA         #-636 (1896?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military Balloonist.
b: 3 Oct.1896 Philadelphia, PA; Res.of Boca Raton (FL) in 1969.
e: Univ.of Akron; Univ.of Michigan, AB-Economics-1917 (Phi Bata Kap.Ep). s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1917-20; Naval Aviator #1583.
p: Director of Goodyear, Pres.of Goodyear International.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron & NAS-Pensacola; FAI-ACA B-License #636 issued 17 Jul.1918.
h: Order of Merit (Peru); Grand Cross (Cuba); Legion of Honor (FRA) Order of Adolph DeNassau (LUX).
l: Citrus growing, Golf, Tennis, Swimming, Fishing.
a: 284 Coco Palm; Boca Raton, FL 33432.
r: Contact Profiles p409.

MAGRUDER, John Bankhead         USA          (1811-1871)                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-M.                 Military Balloon Observer.
b: 1811 Pt.Royal, VA.
d: 19 Feb.1871 Houston, TX.
e: Univ.of Virginia; West Point, 1830-Sigma Cum Laude.
s: Officer in U.S.Army 1830-1861; Confederate Army 1861-65; Outstanding military career; Ret. General.
f: Made several observation balloon ascents in battle (see BRYAN); Commander of Confederate Forces at Battle of Malvern Hill (see ALLEN).
l: Wounded 6-times in the battle of Chapultepec.
r: NT-20 Feb.1871 p4c7.

MAGUIRE, Richard            ENGLAND          (1760-1830)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A/X.         Sport balloonist.
p: University student.
f: Second Irish balloonist, Made only one flight in his lifetime. ***Epic flight1785 from Dublin. Owner of the balloon (CROSBIE), was originally to be the pilot. But the gas volume was insufficient. He deferred to a slightly built bystander in the unruly crowd, and the flight was completed without incident. NOTE: Richard was an instant hero for his bravery, and was returned to Dublin on the shoulders of the crowd. He was Knighted for his adventure, and continued life as a member of nobility.

MAHONEY, David         NEW ZEALAND          (1873?1899) K          (GB/HB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Professional balloonist.
p: Stage name "Captain Lorraine"; Resident of Auckland.
f: First B-Flight 1892 w/Charles Lorraine in England; Partners w/C.Lorraine, used his name extensively.
s: Aero-Instructor to the First Volunteer Battalion of the Northhampshire Regiment in 1898.
l: Returned to N.Z. in 1899 with "Empress balloon; Reportedly crossed the English Channel twice (unconfirmed). ***Epic flight 3 Jun.1898 from Peterborough (ENG) in an 80,000 cu.ft. hot-air balloon. Parachuted from 6000'; The FIRST recorded para-jump from a hot-air balloon in Britain. ***Epic flight 1899 from Christchurch attached to the gas balloon "Empress" by a parachute harness. Parachute became entangled on lift-off, and he was seen struggling with the release mechanism as he headed offshore, to an estimated 20,000'. His body was recovered off Pt.Levy, having tried to swim ashore. FIRST aviation fatality in New Zealand.
r: The Aerostat, 5 Oct.1975 p419.

MAISON, Leon Louis            FRANCE          (1862?1920)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-U/AT/AZ.         Sport & Military Balloonist 1890-1920.
b: 11 Jun.1862 Perret.
p: Hotel operator; Husband of balloonist.
f: First B-Flight 8 Oct.1890 with CHERONNET & CARTON.
h: Aero Club Grand Prix-1905.
m: Aero Club of France, Director. ***Epic flight 9 Oct.1900 (w/wife) from Paris in "La Reve." Landed at Keulrod after 650Km. in 15 Hours.
r: l'Aerophile-Nov.1904; C.Faroux, A.Manual 1912-13.

MAITLAND, Edward M.            BRITAIN          #*13 (1880-1921) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AG/AS.         Sport & Military Balloonist.
b: 21 Feb.1880.
d: 20 Aug.1921 Humber.
e: Trinity College; Cambridge University.
s: Officer in British Army and Navy; 1898, Served in Essex Regiment during Boer War; 1908, Appointed to the Balloon School at Farnborough; 1909, Assigned to the "Air Battalion"; 1913, Airship Squadron Commander; 1914, Wing Commander of Roehampton Balloon Training Station; 1919, Air Commodore, Supervisor of Airships; Died Brigadier General.
f: B-License issued 22 Nov.1910; Airship #8 issued 19 Sep.1911; Made and flew his own airplane in 1910 (sold it to the Army, as the FIRST British made aircraft).
l: First Britain to recognize the value of modern parachutes; 1909 (11 Aug), Crashed into tree w/Lady Jenkins; 1910 (17 Apr), Landed in a London street; 1910 (29 May), Ascended into a thunderstorm; 1910 (3 Oct), Injured in an airplane crash; 1910 (5 Sep), Conducted "wireless radio balloon experiments;1910 (22 Aug), Landed in river, almost drowned; 1910, FIRST to parachute from an Airship ("Delta" from 10,500'); Sport parachutist; Author of "R-34."
h: Distinguished Service Order; C.M.G; A.F.C. ***Epic flight 1908 (w/ GAUDRON & Turner) from London in "Mammouth." Ascent from the Crystal Palace, landed near Mateki-Dereuni in Russia. Covered 1117 miles. ***Epic flight 2 Jul.1919 (w/10-crew) from East Fortoce. FIRST TransAtlantic airship (R-38) flight. Flew to New York USA, and returned safely to Pulham. ***Epic flight 20 Jul.1921 (w/40-crew +4 civilians) from East Fortoce. Flight as commander in a new ZR2 (R-38) airship was for test and training. Airship broke in half before crashing in flames. None survived.
r: Who's Who of England; LT-21 Jul.1921; NT-22 Jul.1921.

MAKNE, Stefan         POLAND                  (1935?                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-BJ/BN/BO/BP/BW.            Sport balloonist 1975+ era.
f: First GB-Flight 13 Jun.1970 from Augsburg w/A.SIEGER.
f: B-License #B-1401 issued 21 Apr.1971; More than 281 Gas B-Hours by 1984.
l: Pilot in G-Bennett B-Races of 1983,84,85,87,88,89,90,& 91.
a: ul.Tomzynska; GI-048 Poznam; 773-705.

MALLET, Maurice            FRANCE            (1861-1926)            (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-U/AG/AK/AT.         Sport balloonist 1895-10 era.
Father of military balloonist, Marcel.
b: Apr.1861 Paris;
d: 1926 France.
p: Professional balloonist & balloon maker (Puteaux-Paris).
s: Officer in the French Army B-Corps, Instructor.
f: First B-Flight 1879 from Paris; Pilot of Balloons, Dirigibles, and Airplanes.
l: 1900, Co-Organized (w/VAULX) first long-distance B-Race in Europe. 12 balloon competition from Vincennes.
m: Aero Club of France, Director.
h: La Grande Medialle de L'Aero-Club de France-1926.
r: l'Aerophile; J.Branche, Balloons d'Observation; C.Faroux. NOTE: Relationship to balloonist in APPENDIX-AK unknown.

MALONEY, Daniel John         USA                  (1875?1905) K            (GB/SM)
See APPENDIX-B/S.                 Professional aeronaut.
d: 18 Jul.1905 Santa Clara, CA.
p: Circus trapeze performer pre-1900; balloonist/ parachutist/glider pilot 1900-05 era; Worked for Frank HAMILTON 1896-1905; J.MONTGOMERY 1905.
f: First balloon ascent 1896; First glider flight 29 Apr.1905, Flew 7.5 miles in 19 minutes. ***Epic flight 18 Jul.1905 from Santa Clara, CA. Made a solo exhibition flight astride a glider suspended below a Smoke balloon. The crowd saw a restraint break a wing-spar on launch. When he released at 1800', the wings folded, and he died later of his injuries (some records say 80 days later).
r: Santa Clara Univ. Archives (Montgomery Clippings); Sportsman Pilot, Nov.1931p14.

MALONEY, Professor            USA                  (1885?1940)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L.                 Name probably a pseudonym.
***Epic flight 29 Aug.1907 from Barnstable, MA. Launch was normal, but pilot could not release the parachute from the balloon. He eventually struck a post on landing, and suffered severe back injuries.
r: NT-30 Aug.1907/1/3.

MALPAS, William         FRANCE                  (1927-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BO.         Sport balloonist.
b: 1927; Resident of Paris.
p: Chemical engineer.
l: Reporter of World B-Events.
f: First flight 1970 w/D.CAMERON; Licensed B-Pilot & Instructor; Glider and Airplane Pilot; 1800+hours aloft by 1975.
m: RAC; Bristol Gliding Club; Asoc.Aeronautique Val D'essonne; Aero Club Etienne Boileau. ***Epic flight 5 Jun.1970 (w/Xavier Frachon) from Annonay in "Golden Eagle." Historic flight was the first balloon to fly from that town since 1783. Xavier was the closest living relative to the MONTGOLFIER's, and the present director of the paper company founded by the Montgolfier family.
r: BM-Su.1970/5, The Aerostat, Apr.1975.

MANDER, Lionel Henry            BRITAIN          #31 (1888?1940)          (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AG/AS.         Military Aeronaut.
b: 14 May 1888 Wolverhampton.
s: Officer in British Army B-Corps 1916-19; Served in front-line combat of WW-1.
f: Purchased Bleriot monoplane 1909; Made first flights 1910; Started ballooning 1912, Flying airships 1913.
m: RAC (FM); Fabian Society.
h: F.R.G.S.
r: Who's Who in British Aviation-1932.

MANDERLEFT, ?            RUSSIA                  (1850?1900)                  (GB)
p: Astronomer.                 Scientific balloonist.
f: No formal B-Training. ***Epic flight 1887 from Moscow. Ascended to observe an eclipse of the Sun. Flight was unsuccessful due to rainy conditions.

MANGIN, Gabriel         FRANCE                  (1836-1905)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-N/U.         Professional balloonist 1855-70 era.
b: 1836 Chateauroux;
d: 1905 Paris; Brother of balloonists "Herve" & "Theodore."
f: First B-Flight 23 Sep.1853 with Toutin.
l: Built and flew his own airplane 1908.
m: Societe Aerostatique et Meteorologique de France (FM) 1864. ***Epic flight 20 Sep.1869 in "Pole Nord." Flight was to raise money for a North Pole expedition by Gustav Lambert. ***Epic flight 20 Sep.1870 (w/Rampont, Director of Posts) from Paris in "Ville de Florence." Second flight of the Paris-siege.

MANGOT, Joseph                 FRANCE                 (1874-1887) K                         (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/U.                        Sport Balloonist.
Son of gas factory manager at Montdidier.
e: Science student, Chemistry & Astronomy.
f: Student of L'HOSTE previous two years. ***Epic flight 13 Nov.1887 (see Fs. L'HOSTE). Drowned in the Atlantic Ocean.
r: L'Aerophile.

MANN, Carl Richard         GERMANY          (1884?1934)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AU/AH/CH.         Military balloonist.
s: Retired Officer of the German Army, Captain-1910; Artillery Observation balloonist.
f: Last recorded flight 1931 after 133 ascents.
m: Berliner and Bitterfelder Balloon Clubs.
l: Pilot in G-Bennett B-Races 1913 and 1914. ***Epic flight 11 Nov.1911 from Bitterfeld. Landed near Nakskov Denmark in 7:50 after flying 100Km. over open Sea.
r: FuA p98.

MANNING, Edgar Thompson            USA          #-691 (1894?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 14 Jul.1894 Lowell, MA; Res.of Michigan in 1970.
e: Brown University, LLB-1916.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1917-54 (CMDR); Naval Aviator #1581.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron, Pensacola, Hampton Roads. FAI-ACA B-License #691 issued 9 Oct.1918.
a: 10105 Kingston; Hunnington Woods, MI.
r: Contact Profiles.

MANNSBARTH, Franz Mucki            GERMANY          (1885?1940)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AU/AH/CH.         Military balloonist.
Husband of balloonist Hedwig.
s: Engineering Officer of the German Army, Captain-1910.
f: First B-Flight 1905 from Poland; Last recorded flight 1935.
l: Engineer/Pilot of 30 passenger airship for SCHUETZE; Pilot in 1912 G-Bennett B-Race. ***Epic flight 11 Nov.1911 from Bitterfeld. Landed near Nakskov Denmark in 7:50 after flying 100Km. over open Sea.
r: FuA p98.

MANSFIELD, Ada (F)            BRITAIN                  (1880?1930)          (SM/GB)
Miss; Most likely was the daughter of C.B.MANSFIELD.
p: Professional balloonist 1900-05 era; Protégé of A.GAUDRAN, LEMPRIERE, & Maud BROOKES.
l: Suffered a sprained ankle from Para-jump 1 Jun.1903. ***Epic flight 20 Aug.1904 (w/Gorden). Rescued from the sea.
r: Cardiff Mail 2 Jun.1906.

MANSFIELD, Charles Blachford            BRITAIN            (1850-1891) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A/B/X.         Sport balloonist, 1837-76.
b: 1850;
d: 10 Dec.1891 Bombay India.
p: Reserve Officer in British Navy.
l: 1877, Author of "Aerial Navigation" (ed. by his brother). ***Epic flight 10 Dec.1891 from Bombay India. Balloon burst at 400' on ascent. The pilot desperately tried to release his parachute, but to no avail. He then released himself from his harness, and died on impact. (See DALE, W.D.).
r: NT-11 Dec.1891/1/3. NOTE: A C.B.Mansfield reportedly made a flight from Manchester 4 Nov.1837.
r: Aeronautics in Great Britain.

MARANVILLE, Alger G.         USA                #-684         (1892-1977)                         (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                        Military Balloonist
b: 24 Feb.1892 Denver, CO.
d: 17 May 1977 Canton, OH.
e: Case Institute of Technology.
p: Goodyear mechanic 1916-17, Airship pilot 1918-24; B.F.Goodrich; General Tire, Falls Stamping.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Wingfoot Lake; FAI-ACA B-License #684 and Airship license #39 issued 4 Sep.1918.
l: Motorcycle racer pre 1916; Severely injured in a mooring mast accident 1923-Dayton, OH.
r: BF-J/A 1977p3, V30#4p10.

MARBLE, Charles         USA                  (1880?1930)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional Balloonist.
Resident of Washington State; Started career in Seattle area.
f: Flew in N.Westminster, B.C. Canada (10 Oct.1894).
r: The (Victoria) Daily Colonist, 10 Oct.1894.

MARCHI, Antonio de            ITALY                  (1876-1934)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-W.                 Sport balloonist, 1905-15 era.
d: 1934. Aristocrat, scion of a wealthy family; Personal friend of G.NEWBURY & A.ANCHORINA.
p: Industrialist.
m: Argentine Aero Club (FM) 1908 (32 years old at time of formation).
l: Credited with introducing sport ballooning to Argentina in 1905; Polo player; Bicycle and Auto racer.
h: Commemorated on an Argentine postage stamp 4 Nov. 1972. ***Epic flight 17 Apr.1910 (w/1-pax). Balloon exploded during a B-Race, and fell into Lake Geneva. The aeronauts were uninjured.

MAREK, Bruno         AUSTRIA                  (1875?1940)                  (HB)
p: Engineer; Balloon maker, factory in Vienna; Pioneer of modern hot-air B-Technology 1930-39; Co-developer with Mullner, Brunner, & J.EMMER.
l: Constructed at least 3 balloons of flame proofed cotton; Balloons used pressurized fuel oil for fuel; Balloon "OEME-2" established an FAI Altitude record (see APP-AA).
r: L'Aerostier, Jul-Sep.1939; Trailrope; Schweizer Luftfart p361.

MARGAT, Jean         FRANCE                  (1786-1854)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A/J.                 Professional balloonist.
p: Professional balloonist/acrobat, 1810-30 era; Husband of balloonist.
f: First recorded flight 1810; Made many flights astride animals.
l: Flew astride a live white stag at Tivoli Gardens 4 Jun.1817 & 29 Aug.1824.
s: Made many observation flights for the French Army in Algeria, Explored the area around Algiers in 1830. NOTE: Epic event onboard the ship (Vittoria) enroute to Algeria. Several casks of sulphuric acid (for making B-Hydrogen) lashed to the deck, broke as the ship rolled in high seas. The resulting fire almost destroyed the ship.
r: Aeronautics in the Union & Confederate Armies.

MARGAT, Mme. (F)            FRANCE          (1780?1845)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A.                 Professional balloonist 1805-20 era.
Wife of balloonist "Jean."
l: Made ascents at Amsterdam, 1 Oct.1806 & 3 June 1807; Made 32nd ascent 18 May 1817.

MARIA-Flores, Jose         ARGENTINA          (1820?1848)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Professional balloonist.
***Epic flight 30 Jan.1848 from Guatemala. Balloon made a successful ascent witnessed by a large crowd, including his wife and child. The balloon was seen to burst at "a great height," and the intrepid aeronaut died on impact.
r: M.Mullen archives (original account).

MAROTTE, Virginia (F)            USA                  (1808?1860)                  (HP)
b: 1808; Protégée of Eugene ROBERTSON.
f: Passenger on 30 May 1830 flight with E.ROBERTSON & A.THEODORE; FIRST woman to fly in Cuba. ***Epic flight 28 Oct.1828 (w/E.ROBERTSON) from N.Y. City. Dressed in her finest pink & white attire, the flight ended in a rescue from the Hudson River.
r: N.Y.Daily Chronicle 28 Oct.1828.

MARQUIS, Raoul         FRANCE                  (1870?1920)                  (GB)
p: Writer/Author.
f: Sport balloonist late 1800's. (Bio-data unknown).

MARRIOT, Frederick         ENGLAND          (1805-1884)                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-E.                 Sport Aeronaut.
b: 16 Jul.1805, Somerset, ENG; Emigrated to the USA 1848;
d: 16 Dec.1884 S.Francisco, CA.
p: Banker, Publisher (founder of the London News, 1830), "The Illustrated San Francisco News" 1856; Organized the "Aerial Steam Navigation Company, 31 Aug.1866.
l: Personal friend of many early aviation experimenters; Patents on his steam-driven airships, were disallowed in 1881 (as impossible). ***Epic flight 2 July 1869 from Shell Park in San Francisco, CA in "Aviator." Made first successful dirigible flight. NOTE: Reports indicate it may have been an unmanned model.
r: Scientific American 31 July 1869.

MARS, James Andrew         USA                #-940         (1878?1940)                 (GB/KB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                        Military balloonist.
b: 10 Apr.1878 Galesburg, IL.
e: West Point-1903.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army; Commander of San Antonio Field-1927.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #940 issued 8 Sep.1921; Airship training 1926.
r: Who's Who in Aeronautics-1928.

MARSCHEUTZ, Elmer G.         USA        # 128                 (1895?1940)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                        Military balloonist.
b: 30 May 1895 St.Louis, MO.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army, Commissioned Jan.1918; Chief of Camp Wise Personnel Office; Commander of 35th B-Company 1919.
f: Received Free Balloon & Observer training at Ft.Omaha; FAI-ACA B-License #128 issued 3 Oct.1917; More than 50 B-Ascents by 1920.

MARTIN, F.F.         USA                  (1880?1940)                  (GB)
p: Professional balloonist, 1879-1905 era; Made & sold balloons from shop in San Francisco; Resident of San Francisco, CA 1882.
f: Student of J.A.ALLEN; Protégée of J.GRUET; First flight Summer 1874 from San Francisco.
l: 1879, Witnessed demise of COLGROVE & WILLIAMS in 1879; 1882, Made & sold P.v.TASSEL his first balloon.

MARTIN, Ronald R.         USA                  (1942-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BJ.                  Sport Aeronaut.
b: 1 Jul.1942 Canada.
p: Electrical contractor, Balloon & Airship pilot.
f: FAA Balloon & Airplane license; British CAA Airship license.
l: Co-owner (w/F.KRIEG) of gas balloon "Destiny"; Aide (to F.KRIEG) in 1985,86,87 Modern G-Bennett B-Races. ***Epic flight 13 Nov.1988 (w/R.Hendrics) from Disneyland (Anaheim, CA) in "Destiny." Ascent and flight proceeded normally until the balloon was buffeted in the leading edge of a cold front. They crashed the next morning near Pangatuch, UT after 12 hours aloft. Both aeronauts suffered severe back injuries requiring extensive hospitalization.
r: Pers. Interview 1988; L.A.Times 15 & 16 Nov.1988.

MARTINEZ, Esteban         SPAIN                  (1860-1909) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/L/S/W.         Military & Sport balloonist.
b: 1860 Spain;
d: 14 Sep.1909 Atlantic Ocean).
s: Officer in Spanish Army, Captain.
f: Made 128 ascents by 1888; 246 by 1909; Worked with G.YON of France.
l: Skilled fencer; Flew in Cuba, Spain, N.& S.America; Made ascents in Almayro Argentina in 1884 (in "Cid Campeador" and "La Perla de Castilla"); Visited the USA in 1888 to interest Thomas Edison in providing an electric motor for his balloon propulsion device; Made ascents in 1888 from Glen Island, NY (no parachute used). ***Epic flight 14 Sep.1909 from Valencia in "Mariposa." Balloon was last seen 30 miles offshore, headwind towards the Balearic Isles.
r: NT-22 Mar.1888/4/7; Morning Leader 15 Sep.1909.

MARVINGT, Marie (F)            FRANCE                  (1875-1963)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AG/AT.         Sport balloonist.
f: Flew in France, Belgium & Holland.
h: ***Epic flight 26 Oct.1909 from Nancy in "Etoile Filante." Crossed English Channel Northward and landed at Southwood ENG. Won numerous competitions at the French Aero Club of the East 1909-1913

MARZNRI, Francisco            ITALY                  (1764-1855)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-CR.                 Sport balloonist.
b: 19 May 1764 Bellumo;
d: 1855.
f: Made 3-recorded flights 1829-41 era.
r: L'Aero-nautica Italiana.

MASKELYNE, John Nevil            ENGLAND          (1860?1926)          (HB/HP)
See APPENDIX-BT.
d: 1926. Eighth generation of family magicians.
p: Magician for "Egyptian Hall."
f: Made only one recorded free-flight.
l: Mechanic/Inventor; Early Scientist in "Wireless Telegraphy"; Inventor of "time lapse" photography for astronomy; perfected the modern typewriter keyboard; Co-inventor (w/J.BACON) of burner-heater for hot-air balloons; Used a pressure pump and vaporizer for combustion of heating oil (Apr.1904).
h: Considered by his contemporaries as The Father of Modern Magic; memorabilia in the British Science Museum.
m: Founder of the Magic Circle society. NOTE: His greatest contribution to mankind are his scientific tables for celestial navigation.
r: Record of an Aeronaut; Scientific American, 14 May 1904; War Magician, David Fischer, 1983.

MASON, Charles Henry         USA                         (1890?1960)                         (GB)
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy; Balloon & Airship Pilot & Instructor. Bio-data unknown.

MASON, Ebenezer Locke            USA                  (1830?1880)          (OB/HP)
See APPENDIX-M/S.         Observation balloonist.
b: Troy, NY; Resident of Philadelphia, PA.
p: Harness maker, Press agent.
l: Flying associate of J.LaMOUNTAIN & T.LOWE; Supervised construction of Civil War balloons "Eagle" & "Excelsior" for C. & T.LOWE.
s: Worked for T.LOWE as an Observation balloonist Nov.1861 to May 1862 during the American Civil War; Dismissed for refusing to work for no pay.
r: AIAA-Lowe.

MASON, Thomas Monck            FRANCE          (1803?1889)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A/E.                 Sport balloonist, 1836-50 era.
b: 1803;
d: 1889 (?).
p: Operatic manager; Flutist, Author.
l: Aviation historian; Friend & confidant of all aeronauts of his day; Exhibited a successful model ellipsoidal dirigible (screw propelled); Accumulated the greatest B-Library in the World by 1880 (much of his collection was last held by C.DOLFUS); Author of "Aeronautica," published 1838, London. ***Epic flight 7 Nov. 1836 (w/GREEN, HOLLAND, SPENCER, +9-pax) from London to Germany in 18 hours.

MASSI, Coustard de         FRANCE                  (1750?1790)                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-A.                 Scientific aeronaut.
Title of "Chevalier de St. Louis" 1784-86; Patron of sport ballooning.***Epic flight 14 Jun.1784 (w/MOUCHET) from Nantes. Balloon (30'4" in diameter) made a series of flights in 58 minutes covering a distance of 22 leagues, landing at Poitou.

MASSIC, Walter L.         USA         #1040         (1896-1969)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-CD.         Professional Aeronaut.
b: 23 Aug.1896 Roaring Springs, PA;
d: 1969, Shawnee Mission, KA.
p: 1917-28, Balloon rigger & Instructor for Goodyear; 1929-33, Airship pilot for Goodyear-Zeppelin Co; 1933-53, Goodyear test pilot (incl. ZPG-3W), Ret-1960.
s: Airship pilot in the U.S.Navy 1942-60.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #1040 issued 4 Dec.1929.
s: 1941-46, Officer in U.S. Navy, Airship Test Pilot.
h: Harmon Trophy-1953.
r: BF-J/A 1969p6 (T) .

MATHES, Alfred                 GERMANY                 (1960?                         (GB/HB)
p: Professional balloonist; RAVEN-Aerostar B-Dealer for Germany.
l: Made his 1500th Balloon flight as PIC in May 1994.
a: Nahestrasse 4; 55296 Harxheim.

MATHIEU, Emile                 BELGIUM                 (1860?1920)                 (GB/OB/KB)
See APPENDIX-AV.                        Military Balloonist
s: Officer in the Belgian Army, Lt. in 1896; Commander of a B-Company 1902.
m: Royal Aero Club (FM).
r: RAC-Annee.

MATTERY. William         FRANCE                  (1880?1930)                  (SM)
p: Professional Smoke Balloonist. ***Epic flight 1 Apr.1906 from Chicago, IL. Ascent and release were normal. But the descent from 5000' was exciting, as he landed in front of a moving train, missing it by two feet. 5000 people witnessed the event.
r: NT-3 Apr. 1906.

MATTON, H.         BELGIUM          (1900?1980)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV/AH/CH.         Sport & Military balloonist.
a: Resident of Essen/Ruhr 1920's.
s: Officer in Belgian Army B-Corps, Captain-1916.
l: Pilot in G-Bennett B-Race 1926.
m: Neiderrheinischer B-Club (issued his B-License).
r: FAI-BAC-records; FuA p100.

MATTOX, Frank         USA                  (1880?1902) K                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-B/L.                
p: Professional Smoke Balloonist. ***Epic flight 1 Aug.1902. Parachute failed to open. Died of major injuries.

MAXFIELD, Louis Henry            USA          #-55 (1889-1921) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AO/AR/CO.         Military balloonist 1913-20 era.
b: 19 Nov.1883 St.Paul, MN;
d: 20 Aug.1921 Britain.
e: Annapolis Naval Academy, 1907.
s: Officer in the U.S. Navy 1913-21; Naval Aviator #17; Commander of NAS-Great Lakes (Akron) B-Training 1917-18; Commander of U.S.N. airstation at Palmbehof France; Commander of U.S.N. airship detachment at Howden England, during construction of the R-38 Airship.
f: Received initial B-Training 1915 at Akron, OH; Balloon, Airship, & Airplane pilot & instructor; ACA B-License issued 1915; Airship & Airplane pilot.
h: Navy Cross (for rescue of seaman, at sea); Legion of Honor, Italian Medals (2). ***Epic flight 20 Aug.1921 (see MAITLAND). Died in the crash of the R-38 (ZR-2) Airship with 16 American observers on the acceptance test flight.
r: NT-15 Jul.1918/7/6; 25 Aug.1921/2/4 (T); Contact Profiles p13.

MAXFIELD, Joseph E.            USA                  (1865?1920)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-J.                 Military balloonist.
e: Harvard-1881.
s: Officer in U.S. Army 1890-10 era, Weather observer/forecaster; Organized B-Section (under GREELY) as part of Signal Corp 1894; Signal Corps training Officer at Ft.Riley (KA) in 1894; Trained artillery observers with "Gen.Myer" balloon; Served as Observation balloonist, Santiago Cuba 1 Jul.1898.
l: Wrote a comprehensive report on the use of balloons during the Spanish-American War.

MAY, G.         ENGLAND          (1840?1900)                  (GB)
Sport balloonist 1880-85 era (Bio-Data unknown).
l: Author of "Ballooning" (London-1885).

MAYER, William Bently         USA         #-946         (1889?1970)          (KB/GB)
b: 14 Feb.1889 Brooklyn, NY.
s: Military balloonist during WW-I; Officer in the U.S.Army Air Force, Colonel in 1943.
f: Received LTA-Training at Scott Field; Military brevet for balloons, airships, and airplanes; FAI-ACA B-license #946 issued 31 Oct.1921.
r: Who's Who in Aeronautics-1928 p80; Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

MAZZOLENI, Ernani C.            ITALY                  (1881-1939)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Professional balloonist.
b: 1881 Bergano.
d: 31 Jul.1939 Buenos Aires.
p: Professional balloonist & balloon maker; B-Instructor; Official pilot-in-charge of the Argentine Aero Club, 1912-13.
f: First recorded B-Flight 1894; Made 39 ascents in Argentina by 1913; Held B-Licenses in Italy and Argentina (Special issue).
l: Built 10 balloons in Argentina 1913-20; Built first balloon "Argentino #1" & "Condor" for the club; Collaborated on most all B-Ascents in Argentina to 1939. ***Epic flight 19 Sep.1894 from Rome, Italy. Balloon was struck by lightning, caught fire , and crashed from 500 meters. Ernani suffered severe burns. ***Epic flight 3 Jul.1939 from Buenos Aires in "Quo Vadis." Crash landed in the Rio Plata River. Died of complications 28 days later.
r: Chronica Historica Aeronautica Argentina.

McBRIDE, Frank         USA                  (1879-1901) K                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Professional balloonist.
b: 1879 Meridian, CN.
d: 18 July 1901, Ulmer Park, NJ. ***Epic flight 18 Jul.1901 from Ulmer Park, NJ. Ascended (his second of the day) in a strong wind. He was dragged thru the trees, across roofs, against a chimney, until finally thrown thru an attic window in Brooklyn, NY. He suffered extensive injuries.
r: N.Y.Journal 19 Jul.1901.

McBRIDE, James Caren D.            USA                  (1876-1944) K          (SM/GB)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional Aeronaut Extraordinaire.
Stage name "Bud Mars" (no relation to J.MARS).
b: 8 Mar.1876, Great Harm, MI;
d: 25 July 1944, Erie, PA (in an airplane crash). s: 1898, Served in Spanish American War, position unknown.
p: 1891, Acrobat for McMahon Bros. Circus; 1892-95, Professional balloonist for T.S. BALDWIN 1892; 1910-11, Gave Worldwide flying demonstrations (w/T.S.BALDWIN); 1911-17, Airplane barnstormer nationwide; 1917-19, Instructor for U.S. Army Air service; 1919-26, Manager of Croton, NY Airport.
f: First SM-Flight 4 July 1892; First gas B-Flight 1895; First passengers flown 1896; First recorded airship flight 1904 (claimed 1902); First glider flight 1904; First Airplane flight 1906.
l: 1907; Built & operated a successful semi-rigid glider; 1911, Flew with the Emperor of Japan; All foreign flights were in airplanes; Flew in China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Poland, Russia, Siam; FIRST to fly a King (Siam) in an airplane.
m: American Dirigible & Captive Balloon Association; War Birds Flying Clubs of America, Promotion Manager; Early Birds.
h: Sultan of Zula Decoration; White Cross of Russia; Order of Rising Sun (from the Emperor). ***Epic flight 14 Jul.1901 from New York City. Balloon ascended slowly in a strong wind. Pilot was dashed against power lines and buildings before balloon snagged on a second story building. Pilot was rescued by bystanders with severe facial injuries. ***Epic flight 30 May 1905 from Carson City, NV. Made a landing just crossing railroad tracks, as train was approaching. NOTE: Landing was originally reported as hitting the train.
r: Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43; Reno (NV) newspapers-1905.

McCARTHY, Rory                 BRITAIN                   (1945?                          (HB)
See APPENDIX-                        Sport balloonist (Bio-data unknown)
L: Ballooning, Skydiving, Hang gliding; Owner/pilot of surplus jet fighter airplanes. ***Epic flight 1984 (w/P.LINDSTRAND as pilot). Launched from a balloon in his hang glider to set a World altitude record. ***Epic flight 1985. Launched from a balloon in a parachute establishing a World Record of 35,400'.
r: B-Life Jan.1996 p8.

McCAWLEY, Alan L            USA          #-71 (1876-1955)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR/AH/CH.         Sport balloonist.
b: 1 Feb.1876.
d: 11 Aug.1955 London.
l: Pilot in 1929 G.Bennett B-Race; Son of benefactor to scientific ballooning.

McCLEAN, Francis Kennedy            BRITAIN            #*11 (1876-1955)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AG/AH/AS.         Sport & Military Balloonist.
b: 1 Feb.1876.
d: 11 Aug.1955 London.
e: Charterhouse; Clifton; Engineering College.
p: 1902, Public Works Department of India; 1907-14, Aviation Department; 1932, High Sheriff of Oxford,
s: 1914-18, Royal Air Service; 1918-19, Royal Air Force.
f: FAI-RAC B-License #11 issued 18 May 1909; Airplane license #21.
l: Made a 6-minute airplane flight with W.WRIGHT in 1909; Financial patron of many Aero projects; Amatuer astronomer; Donated first airplane to the Royal Navy; Pilot in 1909 G-Bennett B-Race.
m: Royal Aero Club, Chairman 1923-24 & 1941-44, Vice President.
h: 1926, Knighted; A.F.C.; F.R.A.E.S.
r: Who's Who of England 1951-60.

McCLELLAN, ?         USA                  (1810?1860)                  (GB)
***Epic flight 28 Oct.1842 from Gettysburg, PA. Tricked WISE into letting him make a solo flight of 5 miles to York, PA.
r: WISE; "Through the Air."

McCLELLAN, B.C.         USA                  (1870?1930)          (SM/GB)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist 1891-1902 era.
p: Shooting gallery operator in Butte Montana; Resident of Butte, MT.
f: First recorded flight July 1891 from Piqua, OH; Last recorded flight July 1902 from Lewiston, ID; First to demonstrate "Human Cannonball" act (shot from cannon suspended from the bottom of the balloon); First to demonstrate "Aerial Torpedo" act (balloon vanished in a cloud of smoke); First to demonstrate "Triple Parachute" act (deployed three separate parachutes on the descent).

McCLELLAN, George B.            USA                  (1826-1885)                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-M.                 Military Balloon Observer.
b: 3 Dec.1826 Philidelphia, PA;
d: 29 Oct.1885 Orange Mt., NJ.
e: University of Pennsylvania; West Point, 1846 (second in class).
s: Officer in the U.S. Army 1846-64, Ret-General; Used a captive balloon successfully in Civil War 1861-62.
p: Railroad Surveyor; Chief Engineer for Missouri Pacific Railroad; 1878-81, Governor of New Jersey.
l: 1864, Nominated for Pres. of the USA (Democrat against Abe Lincoln).
r: NT-30 Oct. 1885 p5 c1.

McCLINTOCK, Emmet Karl            USA            #-610 (1894?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 15 Sep.1894 Tyrone, PA Resident of Los Angeles, CA 1969.
e: Pennsylvania State University, AB-1918.
p: Officer in U.S.Navy 1918-21; Naval Aviator #1220.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron & NAS-Pensacola; FAI-ACA B-License #610 issued 12 Jun.1918.
a: 11797 Chaparal; L.A.,CA.
r: Contact Profiles p329.

McCLURE, Clifton M         USA                  (1932-2000)                  (SB)
See APPENDIX-AP.                 Reluctant Strato-balloonist
b: 1932;
d: 14 Jan.2000 (age 67, stroke).
p: Officer in U.S. Navy. Lt. in 1958, Ret.1960.
f: Made only one recorded balloon flight, volunteered for Strato-Ascent (was neither a balloonist nor pilot); Received flight training in the Nat.Guard later, flying in the Berlin airlift. ***Epic gas balloon (3 million cu.ft.) flight 8 Oct.1958 (solo) in "Manhigh-III" from New Mexico, to gather data on space conditions. Endured body temperatures of 106.6F (41.4C) degrees, for four hours, above 80,000' (max. 99,700’). Was hospitalized for dehydration after landing.
l: Was the third person to witness the curvature of the earth from space. (see SIMONS, D.)
h: Distinguished Service Cross.
r: Washington (DC) Star 1958.

McCOLL, Keneth Malcolm            USA          #-718 (1895-1961)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 26 Oct.1895 Detroit, MI;
d: 13 Aug.1961 Ann Arbor, MI.
e: Univ.of Michigan, AB-1919, MD-1923 (Alpha Tau Omega).
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1917-21; Naval Aviator #1996.
p: Physician, Educational Program Director, Univ.of Michigan.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron & NAS-Pensacola; FAI-ACA B-License #718 issued 31 Mar.1925.
r: Contact Profiles p498.

McCORMICK, Haynie            USA          #-977 (1888?1960)          (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AI/AR.         Military balloonist.
b: 22 Oct.1888 Hutto, TX.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army Air Force, Colonel in 1942.
f: Training in balloons-1921, Airships-1924, Airplanes-1929; FAI-ACA B-License #977 issued 17 Jul.1918.
l: Participated in 1925, 32, 34, & 36 U.S.Nat B-Races; Standby pilot for 1925 G-Bennett B-Race.
r: Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

McCORMICK, John Sutton Fife            USA            #-641 (1890?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 MilitaryAeronaut.
b: 20 Oct.1890 Pittsburgh, PA; Res.of Pittsburgh 1970.
e: University of Pittsburgh, 1916.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1917-21; Naval Aviator #694; Airship pilot; Served in Bordeau and Paimboeuf (FRA).
p: Automobile dealer.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron & NAS-Pensacola; FAI-ACA B-License #614 issued 17 Jul.1918.
r: Contact Profiles p209.

McCORMICK, S.A.            USA                  (1888?1960)                  (SM)
p: Professional balloonist. Resident of Omaha, NB. ***Epic flight 27 Apr.1908 from Ft.Worth, TX. Ascent and descent seemed normal, but his parachute collapsed at 200'. He survived, but with serious injuries.

McCORMACK, Terence            AUSTRALIA          (1941-1975) K                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Semi-Professional balloonist.
b: 1941 Australia.
p: IBM Analyst, Electrical engineer.
f: First B-Flight 1972.
f: Balloon builder, Pilot, and Flight Examiner.
l: Made & flew the first modern hot-air balloon in Australia 1964.
m: Founder & President of the "Aerostat Society of New South Wales." ***Epic flight 23 Nov.1975 (w/Anthony Hayes) from Sydney in "James Cook." Home-built balloon got caught in a "thermal" (Willy-Nilly) near Wagga that twisted the mouth closed and forced the deflation port open. Hayes jumped and died in his unopened parachute; Terry died in the basket on impact explosion.
r: AEROSTAT-Apr.1976; BF-M/A 1986p8.
a: Widow w/2 children still living in Mudgee 1992.

McCOY, James Comly            USA          #-1 (1878-1934)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-L/AF/AH/AR/AT.         Sport balloonist, 1907-15 era.
b: 24 Dec. 1878, Cleveland, OH.
d: 20 Jan.1934 Akron, OH.
s: Enlisted U.S. Army 13 June 1898 as Signal Corps Officer; 1911, Served in the Philippine Islands; Commander of Army Aviation School (in MD), 1911-13; Military pilot of balloons & airplanes; Retired 20 Oct. 1920 as Lt. Col.; Recalled as Chief of Air Corps in 1927.
p: Banker, Pres.of Perth Amboy (NJ) Trust; Manager of many aviation enterprises.
f: Received B-Training in France; First flight from St.Cloud in 1907 w/F.LAHM Jr., Holder of the FIRST FAI-Aeronaut B-License (11 Aug.1908) in the USA.
l: Owner of "America-II" balloon; Participated in the 1907 and 1908 G-Bennett B-Races.
m: ACA (FM), Vice Pres.1907-8, Pres.1908-9,Director 1911; New York Aero Club; Aero Club of France.
r: NT-2 Jan.1907 p3/5; 16 Oct.1907/10/4; FLY, Aug.1909; NT-3 May 1911/11/3.

McCRACKEN, Alan E.            USA                  (1897?1960)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AI/AJ/AX.         Professional Aeronaut.
p: Balloon pilot for Goodyear, 1925-56; Vice Pres. of E.P. Lambert Co. 1948.
f: Received B-Training with Ward van ORMAN in 1929; No record of FAI B-License.
l: 1929, Aide to ORMAN in the U.S. National B-Race; 1929 & 30, Aide to ORMAN in the G-Bennett B-Races; Owned and operated his own blimp.
r: BF-1950.

McCRACKEN, William James            USA            #-906 (1897?1950)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military Balloonist (see MacCRACKEN, W.P.)
b: 16 Dec.1897 New York, NY.
s: Officer in U.S. Army B-Corp 1917-20. No overseas service.
f: FAI/ACA B-License #906 issued 29 Dec.1920; "Transport Airship Pilot" license; FAI-Airplane license issued 23 Jan.1928. ***Epic flight 15 Mar.1932 from El Paso, TX in "Enna Jettick." Airship developed a serious leak, and crashed near Clint, TX.
r: El Paso Herald Post 16 Mar.1932; BF-M/J 1971p5.

McCRARY, Frank Robert            USA          #-54 (1880-1952)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military Balloonist.
b: 1 Oct.1879 Lonoke, AR;
d: 13 Jun.1952 Oakland, CA.
e: U.S. Naval Academy, 1901; FIRST Navy LTA pilot.
s: Officer in U.S. Navy (LtCmdr-1915); Naval Aviator #91; 1915, One of 3 Navy airship designers (DN-1/ZR-1); 1917, Chief of Aeronautics Bureau; Second Director of Naval Aviation (Benson was #1); 1918-19, Served in France and Ireland; 1923, Commander (first) of "Shenandoah" airship; 1927, Commander of San Diego Naval Air Station; 1930, Commander of Aircraft Carrier "Saratoga"; 1940, Commander of Lakehurst Naval Air Station; 1945, Commander of Alameda Naval Air Station.
f: Received initial B-Training 1915 at Goodyear-Akron (OH); FAI/ACA B-License #54 issued 1916; Accomplished Land, and Seaplane pilot.
l: FIRST Naval airship pilot; Test pilot of first DN-1 airship; Author of first Navy airship training manual (3 Jun.1916)..
r: NT-14 Jun.1952/15/3 (T).

McCULLOUGH, Charles E.            USA            #-829 (1878-1958)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AI/AR.         Military Balloonist.
b: 23 May 1878 Holden, OH
d: 6 Nov.1958 Tenafly, NY.
p: Advertising & Traffic Mgr. Pennsylvania Railroad 1906-47.
s: Officer in U.S. Army Balloon Corp 1917-20; 1918, Served on the French battlefields.
f: FAI/ACA B-License #829 issued 11 Jun.1919.
l: 1923, Aide (to C.BOND) in the U.S.Nat.B-Race; Aide to seven US-Presidents on aviation matters; Editor of "Contacts" Magazine.
h: Chevalier of the Legion of Honor; Belgian Order of Leopold.
r: NT-7 Nov.1958/28/3.

McCULLOUGH, Paul James            USA          #- 45 (1881?1950)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AI/AH/AR.         Sport & Military Balloonist.
b: 1881 Farmingham, MA (Res.St.Louis-1947).
s: Officer in U.S. Army Balloon Corp 1917-20; 1917-19, Served as Balloon Instructor.
f: FAI/ACA B-License #45 issued 1913; FAI-ACA Airplane license 1913.
l: Participated in many National Championships; Pilot in 1911 G-Bennett B-Race; Author of "Spherical Ballooning."
m: Missouri Aeronautical Society-1913.
a: 7614 Wydown; Clayton, 5 MO.
r: NT-18 Apr.1913/1/6.

McDERMOTT, Michael James         USA #-593 (1893?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 18 Jan.1893 Chicago, IL; Resident of Chicago 1969.
e: Chicago Technical College, Engineer-1911.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1917-32; Naval Aviator #702.
p: M.J.M. Contracting Engineers, President.
f: Balloon & Airship training at NAS-Pensacola, and Paimboeuf (FRA); FAI/ACA B-License #593 issued 17 Apr.1918.
l: Member of the U.S.Olympic team 1912 (Sweden).
r: Contact Profiles p211.

McDEVITT, James A.            USA            #-111 (1894-1947)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AM/AR/Aw/CS.            Military balloonist.
b: 13 Jun.1894 Newport, KY;
d: 1947 Cincinnati, OH (residence).
p: Officer in U.S. Army 2nd Balloon Corps 1917-19; Served in 4th and 11th Balloon Companies; Served as Commander of the 2nd Balloon Company; Parachuted 4-times from burning balloons in 19 days (17 September, 5 October, and twice on 6 October).
f: FAI-ACA B-License #111 issued 12 Sep.1917.
h: Distinguished Service Cross.
m: NAABCV.

McDOWELL, Ceilan S.            USA         #-764 (1887-1957)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military Balloonist.
b: 23 Aug.1887 Urichsville, OH;
d: 20 Jul.1957 Bohemian Grove, CA.
s: Officer in U.S. Navy 1904-37; Founded the Anti-Submarine School at New London, CN; 1936, Supervised construction of Mt.Palomar telescope;
f: Received B-Training at Akron Ohio; FAI-ACA B-License #764 issued 22 Jan.1918.
m: Bohemian Club; Commonwealth Club; U.S.Naval Institute; American Institute of Electrical Engineers. r: NT-21 Jul.1957/60/4.

McENTIRE, George W.            USA         #-753 (1885?1950)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AI/AR/CM/CU.         Military & Sport balloonist
b: 7 Jul.1890 Kansas City, MO.
e: Drury College, Springfield, MO. Resident of Kansas City, MO.
p: Automobile salesman; Balloon & Airship construction supervisor for Goodyear.
s: Officer in U.S. Army Air Force, Balloon & Airship pilot in WW1; Colonel in 1942; Transport Commander, Ft.Omaha (NB).
f: Balloon instructor 9 Jul.1918-11 Nov.1918; FAI-ACA B-License #753 issued 8 Jan.1919; Airship training at Langley, licensed 1920, Airplane-1924.
l: Competitor in 1920 U.S.National B-Race.
r: Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

McEWEN, William W.         USA                  (1870?1920)          (SM/GB)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist.
Resident of Jackson, MI.
p: Printer, Theater manager, Smoke Balloonist;1888, Partner of HOGAN Brothers of Jackson, MI; 1891-92, Partner of Nellie LaMONUNT (LaMont) in Canada.
f: 1888, First recorded flight 7 Aug. from Rockaway, NY;1888, Claimed 163 ascents, incl. 3-para descents.
l: Advertised on penny postcards 1890.
r: NT-8 Aug.1888/8/6; Montreal Daily Herald 9 Sep.1892; NY Journal 26 Jul.1896.

McFARLAND, Allan P.            USA         #-117 (1889-1922) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR/CO/CP.         Military balloonist.
b: 4 Apr.1889 Dansville, NY;
d: 20 Feb.1922 Hampton, VA.
e: DePauw University; Stanford University, AB-1909; Univ.of Chicago, PhB-1910, JD-1911; Columbia, 1917-BA.
p: Architect.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army, B-Corps 1917-19; Enlisted 11 Jun.1917; Commissioned 15 Oct.1917; Commanding officer of 2nd Balloon Company 1918.
p: Architect.
a: 520 N.Meridian St; Indianapolis, IN.
f: Received B-Training at Ft.Omaha (NB); FAI-ACA B-License #117 issued 19 Sep.1917; Airships 1920-22. ***Epic flight 20 Feb.1922 (see MABRY). Killed in crash of airship "Roma."
r: NT-21 Feb.1922/page 1; The Balloon Section.

McGILL, H.H.         USA                  (1880?1940)                  (GB)
Sport balloonist, Resident of Indiana.
f: Credited with 342 ascents by 1909. ***Epic flight 1909 (w/J.Schauer) from Indianapolis, IN. Flight in the U.S.National B-Race was marred by being shot at several times, and being disqualified for not having a FAI-ACA Balloon license, after the winning distance of 525mi. in 40hrs 35min.
r: City of Flight p126.

McGRANE, Hugh         BRITAIN          #*26 (1890?1960)          (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AS.                 Military balloonist.
s: Sapper in Royal Engineers 1900; Sergeant in 4th Balloon Section 1914; Posted to RNAS 18 April 1918.
f: Both FAI-RAC B-License #26 & Airship #12 issued 30 Jul.1912; Airplane license #861 issued 30 Jul.1914.
h: China Medal-1900;
r: Contemptable p20.

McGWIRE, Richard                 BRITAIN                  (1764-1800)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A.                 Sport balloonist.
b: 1764 Dublin Ireland.
d: 1800 Dublin (age 36).
e: Trinity College. Epic flight May 1785 from Ranelagh Ireland. Designated pilot (R.CROSBIE) was too heavy for the flight, so Richard took his place. He landed in the water after 30 minutes, but received a heroes welcome on his return.
r: Early Aviation in Ireland p18.

McHUGO, Michael E.         USA         #-210 (1892?1960)          (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military Aeronaut.
b: 11 Sep.1892 Milton, MA.
e: Air Corp Engineers School 1931; Tactical School 1939.
s: Officer in U.S. Army Air Force, Colonel in 1942.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #210 issued 28 Nov.1917; Airship-1922, Airplane-1925.
r: Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

McKEE, Frank Morton         USA         #-442 (1892?1960)          (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AR/AI/AH/CH.         Military & Sport balloonist.
b: 19 Oct.1892 Anderson, IN.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army, B-Corps 1917-19; Enlisted U.S.Navy, 4-years; Commissioned U.S.Army 14 Feb.1918; Commanding officer of Balloon Repair Depot.
f: Received B-Training at Ft.Omaha (NB); FAI-ACA B-License #442 issued 6 Mar.1918.
l: 1927, Pilot in U.S.National B-Race; 1928, Aide (to PALMER) in the G-Bennett B-Race.
a: Lindstrom Inn; Fremont, NB.
r: The Balloon Section.

McKIBBEN, John Sharp            USA         #-135 (1881-1945)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AO/AH/AI/AR.         Sport & Military Balloonist 1919-22.
b: 30 Nov.1880 Malvern, IA;
d: 19 Feb.1945 St. Louis, MO.
e: Omaha (NB) Public Schools.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army B-Corps; B-Instructor 1917-19.
p: Machinist, Aircraft mechanic.
f: B-Instructor for the Missouri Aero Society; Participated in approximately 200 balloon flights; FAI-ACA B-License #135 issued 10 Oct.1917.
l: Bicycle racer 1896-99; Motorcycle Racer 1899-1902; Auto racer 1908-10; Pilot in U.S.National B-Races 1919, 20, & 22; Aide (B.HOFFMAN) in the 1921 G-Bennett B-Race.
m: St.Louis Flying Club. ***Epic flight 18 Sep.1921 (w/HOFFMAN) from Brussels Belgium. Flight in the G-Bennett B-Race resulted in rescue from the Irish Sea.
r: Aviation Magazine 1922.

McKINLEY, Ashley C.         USA         #-104 (1896?1970)            (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AR/AI.         Sport & Military Balloonist 1919-22.
b: 23 Jun.1896 Marshall, TX.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army B-Corps 1917-27, Ret.Mjr; Commander of the 12th Balloon Company.
p: Machinist, Aircraft mechanic; President of McKinley Pneumatic Floats; Babylon, NY.
f: Received B-Training with the Missouri Aero Society at Ft.Omaha; FAI-ACA B-License #104 issued 12 Sep.1917; More than 3000 Flight hours by 1942.
l: 1924, Pilot in U.S.National B-Races;1929, Crossed the South Pole by Airplane;1929, Author of "Applied Aerial Photography."
h: Distinguished Service Cross; Congressional Medal of Honor.
m: Quiet Birdmen; Explorers Club.
a: RFD-1; Huntington, L.I. NY.
r: The Balloon Section; Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

McMANN, Michael         USA                  (1860?1876) K                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-B/L/S.         Semi-professional balloonist
Resident of DeKalb, IL.
p: Laborer.
f: Protégée of DENNISON. ***Epic flight 19 Oct.1876 from DeKalb, IL. Balloon launched prematurely when assistants noticed fire burning up the side. Pilot ascended to 300' before losing his grip on the trapeze, and he died of impact injuries.
r: NT-30 Oct.1872/5/3.

McMELVILLE, Emil L.         USA                  (1860?1920)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist.
Claimed to be son of French balloonist TRICHET; Changed name when he immigrated to the USA about 1880.
p: Stage name: Elmo Melville; Protégé of T.S.BALDWIN.
f: First flight 1878 with his father; Made 300 ascents by 1889; Started professional career in San Francisco 1888; Made ascents on California Coast, & Tijuana, Mexico.
l: 1889, FIRST to fly in the Hawaiian Islands (March 9th). ***Epic flight 7 Jun.1878 (w/father, L. GAM-BETTA, Durant, Clarentic, Negrez) From Angiaze (Nice), FRA. Reportedly landed in Russia. (unsubstantiated, and not likely; no press coverage). ***Epic flight 9 Mar.1889 from Honolulu (HI) in America." Balloon was released prematurely, and pilot was dragged aloft without his parachute. The pilot fell into trees and sustained minor injuries. the balloon was recovered later with serious damage. NOTE: This was his second Hawaiian attempt in 2 weeks, both ending in disaster.
r: San Francisco Call Bulletin; San Diego Union; Daily Pacific Commercial Advertiser (Honolulu) 25 Feb, 4 Mar, 11 Mar.1889.

McNALLY, Roger C.         USA         #-905 (1887-1922) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military aeronaut.
Brother of balloonist John.
b: 20 Den.1887 Tullytown, PA;
d: 20 Feb.1922 Hampton, VA.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army, B-Corps 1918-20, Airships 1920-22.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #905 issued 1 Dec.1920. ***Epic flight 20 Feb.1922 (see MABRY). Killed in crash of airship "Roma."
r: NT-21 Feb.1922 p1.

MEADOWS, William            USA                  (1937-                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-BI/BK/BX.         Professional balloonist
b: 30 June 1937, Lillington, NC.
e: N.Carolina State College.
s: U.S.Air Force.
p: Salesman, Professional B-Pilots Assoc.; Electronics technician; Electronics engineer for Blimp Works-1992.
f: First B-Flight 4 Oct.1969 w/T.BARNES; First B-Solo 1969 from Statesville, NC.; FAA B-License 1970; B-Pilot Examiner; More than 1000 B-Hours by 1983.
l: 1970-90, Participated in all U.S.Nat. Hot-Air championships; Developed successful balloon "auto-pilot"; Certified first (?) FAA/FAR-141 Balloon Flight School in the USA.
m: BFA, Board of Directors, Events Chairman. ***Epic series of flights 1971 from Rutherford, NC. Crossed the State of NC (376 miles) in 44 hours, ending at Topsail Beach.

MEADMORE, Roger                 AUSTRALIA                 (1950?                                 (HB)
p: Professional balloonist. ***Epic flight 2 Oct.1990 (w/Alex & Sylvia Steel, Judith Goodwin) from Coolingata. Strong winds took the flight 20 miles offshore before they were rescued by speed boats. Balloon and passengers were recovered safely.
r: Rescue 911.

MEAGER, George Francis            BRITAIN         #*259 (1890?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AS/CH.         Military & Sport balloonist.
Husband of Betty (daughter of G.BREWER).
b: Newport, Isle of Wright. Resident of Holborn-London 1933.
s: Anti-Aircraft gunner Sept.1915; Commissioned Oct.1915 in the British Navy, Balloon & Airship pilot; Commander of SR-1 from Italy to England in 1918; Commander of Pulham Airship Works; Pilot of many Non-Rigid, Semi-Rigid, & Rigid Airships.
p: Traffic Inspector for Auckland N.Z. 1921-25.
f: Witnessed first airship flight 8 Sep.1915 (a ZEP bombing London); Started B-Training at Wormwood-Scrubbs; First B-Flight 13 Nov.1915 w/W.A.Barton; First B-Solo 25 Nov.1915 from Hurlingham to Hellingly; First A-Flight 18 Dec.1915 in SS-36 w/Barton; First A-Solo 10 May 1916 from Gaerwen; First airplane flight 28 Jan.1918; First Rigid flight (R26) 21 Jan.1919; Both FAI-RAC B-License #259 & Airship #54 issued 17 Feb.1919.
l: 1926, Placed 10th (w/Steff) in G-Bennett B-Race; 1927, Placed 14th (w/Booth) in G-Bennett B-Race; 1930; Author of "My Airship Flights, 1915-31," 1970.
h: Knight of the Order of the Crown of Italy; Croix de Guerre; RAF-Air Force Cross. ***Epic flight 28 Oct. to 6 Nov.1918 in airship SR1 from Rome Italy to Pulham England. ***Epic flight 20 Nov.1918 from Pulham. Commander of airship SR1 over Harwich to accept the surrender of the German submarine fleet. ***Epic flight 29 Jul. to 16 Aug.1930. Flew Transatlantic (both ways) as First Officer of R-100.
m: Royal Aero Club; Royal Airship Club.
h: A.F.C.
r: RAC-files; Who's Who in British Aviation-1932; My Airship Flights.

MECKEL, Paul A.         GERMANY          (1881-1962)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AU/AH/CH.         Sport balloonist.
b: 3 May 1881 Elberfeld;
d: 18 Jul.1962.
p: Banker at Firma M. Aders Co, Berlin.
f: FAI B-License 18 Mar.1905; Made about 40 B-Flights; Co-Constructor of airship w/O. ERBSOLOH in 1910.
l: Crossed the Alps in a balloon 1906; Participant in 1907 & 1909 G-Bennett B-Races.
m: Augsburger, Berliner, Niederrheinischer & Kolner B-Clubs; Kaiserlicher Aero Club.
h: Tisandier Diploma-1962. r: Freiballonfuhrer und Anwarter p101; BF Oct.1962p9 (T).

MECKLEM, Lawrence Guy         USA          (1882-1973)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional aeronaut.
b: 1882, Seattle, WA.
d: 20 Jan.1973, Bellingham, WA.
e: High School dropout.
p: Delivery boy, Boat-house attendant, Berry farmer; Professional balloon & Airship pilot; Worked for T.S.BALDWIN 1906-10; Berry farmer in later life.
f: First flight 1897 (age 15) from Lake Washington, WA (got job when regular pilot burned himself on inflation); Made 60 Smoke Balloon flights at Chute Park in Los Angeles, 1897-98 (three flights per week, for five months); Made 60 Smoke B-Jumps in 1903; Flew airplanes 1909-10; Retired from LTA 1910 (continued flying airplanes, and racing cars).
l: 1898, Used exploding dynamite extensively for effects, on balloon ascents; 1904, Demonstrated successful oar-powered airship (belonging to T.S.BALDWIN). ***Epic flight 1903 from Chutes Park (LA, CA). Demonstrated a new swivel leather device that allowed him to hang by his teeth on ascent. Unfortunately, he was so dizzy, he was barely able to reach his parachute trapeze. ***Epic flight 27 Jun.1908 from Seattle, WA. Airship envelope ruptured in flight. Pilot sewed up the tear in flight using pieces of the rigging.
r: BM-ND 1980/p57; BF-V20#6p3, V21#4; M/A 1973p8 (T); Airline Pilot Jan.1975p32; The Aero. Adventurers of Guy Mecklem.



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