-P-

PAAMAND, Kai            DENMARK          (1929-                  (GB/HB)
See APPENDIX-BJ/BO/BW.         Sport balloonist.
b: 28 Apr.1929 Copenhagen.
s: Officer in Danish Army, Ret.Mjr. after 33 years.
f: First B-Flight 2 Jun.1969 with D.PICCARD from Tivoli Gardens; Self taught balloonist; Danish B-License issued 1970; First B-Solo 13 Feb.1973 at Albuquerque, NM; Danish B-Instructor license; More than 600 B-Hours by 1983; Three Gas B-Flights; Has flown in most European countries.
l: 1972, Participant in Los Angeles In'tl. B-Race;1973-74, Contestant in all World Hot-Air B-Championships (only competitor to fly in all years; Best place: 20th-1975);1976, Participant in Johannesburg to Durban (S.Africa) B-Race;1977, Participant in Artic B-Race in Kiruna Norway.
m: Royal Danish B-Club (FM); FIA-CIA B-Committee. ***Epic flight 1975 from Copenhagen in "Koral." Flight of 20 minutes ended in the "Great Belt Sea." Rescue was hampered by a 10-knot wind, but pilot and equipment were recovered by a Navy ship.
r: Bio-Data 1983; BM/S-75. ***Epic flight 21 Jun.1975 from Copenhagen in "Koral." Second attempt to cross the "Stor-Baelt" was successful in 1hr 50 minutes.

PACKARD, Edward Burtt            USA         #-496 (1895-1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 27 May 1895 Rosindale, MA; Res.of Huntington, L.I. 1969.
p: Harvard University, AB-Mathamatics-1916.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1917-21; Naval Aviator #882.
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron, Cape May, Rockaway; FAI-ACA B-License #496 issued 20 Mar.1918.
r: Contact Profiles p251.

PADILLA, Enrique         ARGENTINA                 #:27 (1890-1966) (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Sport balloonist.
b: 12 Jun.1890 Tucuman Province.
d: 18 Oct.1966 Buenos Aires.
p: Profession unknown; Dilatant.
f: First B-Flight 1913, last 12 Jun.1914; FAI-AAC B-License #27 issued 1 Aug.1914; FAI-AAC Airplane license #37 issued 12 Mar.1914.
l: Expert polo player, Winner of Olympic Medal, Paris-1924. ***Epic flight 1913 (solo) from Palermo in "Pampero-II. His first flight was at night, landed safely at San Andes after 8 hours 10 minutes.
r: Aeronautica Historica Argentina.

PADNUT, Paddy (?)         USA                  (1880?1940)          (SM)
See APPENDIX-L.                        Professional balloonist.
Stage name Professor Padnut.
p: Balloonist for Harlem River Park (NYC). ***Epic flight 17 Jul.1907 from New York, NY. Balloon became unstable on ascent, and the pilot could not release with his parachute. The balloon finally snagged on a bridge, and the pilot slid down his handling rope, to within 30' of a roof. He dropped onto the roof, and suffered minor injuries.
r: NT-18 Jul.1907/1/4.

PAEGELOW, John A.         USA          #- 97 (1870-1944)                          (GB)
See APPENDIX-AM/AR.         Military balloonist.
b: 9 May 1870 Germany.
d: 23 Nov.1944 California, MO.
s: Enlisted in the U.S.Army 1897; Commissioned 1901; Served as B-Observation Commander in France 1918; Commander of the 2nd B-Squadron; Reportedly spent ONE day on the front lines during combat; Commandant of Ft.Lee Hall Aviation Center (VA) 1919-20; Commandant of Scott Field Aviation Center; Commander of Airship RS-1 (Semi-rigid) 1926-27; Colonel in the Army Air Force 1941.
f: Completed Army B-Training 1917; Airship training 1921; FAI-ACA B-License #97 issued 5 Sep.1917; Airplane pilot and instructor.
l: 1927, Participated in the recovery of the body of G.H.GRAY.
h: Distinguished Service Medal; Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur; Purple Heart.
r: NT-24 Nov.1944/23/4; The B-Section; Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

PAGE, Charles         CANADA          (1850?1920)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-C?.                 Sport balloonist.
FIRST Canadian to fly. ***Epic flight 31 Jul.1878 (solo) from the Montreal Gas Works in "Canada." Balloon was described as "pear-shaped," of 70,000 cubic feet in volume.

PAGE, Steven William         USA                  (1946-                  (HB)
See APPENDIX- (B)                 Sport balloonist.
b: 25 Oct.1946 Statesville, NC.
e: Davidson College.
p: Insurance underwriter.
f: Brother, Charles.Page was Flight instructor; 121 hours TT by 1987; Pvt.Balloon license #241762803; considered a good pilot, with good experience.
l: Owner of Firefly-7 balloon (N1511A); Participant in many local & National events. ***Epic flight 6 Jun.1987 (w/G.& K.McVaney) from Odel School (NC) in "Scheherazade." Balloon was on a honeymoon flight for the two passengers. It contacted obscured 16500 volt powerlines during landing near Concord. Mrs.Kathy McVaney was uninjured, George T. McVaney was killed, and Steve survived with serious burns to his back and feet.
a: POB 1635; Davidson, NC 28036 (1987); Charlotte (1991).
r: (AP)NT-7 Jun.87p31:5; Chicago Tribune 7 Jun.87p22:1; Charlotte Observer 7 Jun.87p1; FAA & NTSB report ATL87LA158; T.Wright archives.

PAGENT, ?         FRANCE                  (1900?1950)                  (GB)
Sport balloonist 1920-30 era. ***Epic flight 1928. Set fire to his balloon in flight. Jumped with a parachute, to demonstrate the relative safety within the proximity of the flames.

PALLAS, Angelina (F)            GERMANY          (1830?1900)                  (GB)
Professional balloonist for the Paris Hippodrome 1850-55 era.
r: unknown

PALMBLAD, Bertil                 SWEDEN                 (1929-                                 (HB)
See APPENDIX- (B).                        Sport balloonist. (Bio-data unknown)
Resident of the Uppsala area, Age 66.
p: Airline Pilot SAS, retired.
f: 150-200 B-hours. ***Epic flight 4 Feb.1996 (w/Caspar Anderson & wife) from Libroback-Uppsala. Flight was intended as a short 15 minute fun ride with two friends. Wind conditions forced the balloon into 20,000 Volt powerlines over Loten, the fuel tanks exploded, as the suspension cables were severed. The basket fell about 20 meters, killing Caspar outright; other two suffered severe injuries. NOTE, Emergency assistance was hampered by the fact that the occupants fell just inside a secure military base, which required a considerable amount of time to enter and reach them.
r: Unt Uppsala Mandag 5 Feb.1996 p1; O.Lindstrom archives.

PALMER, Clarence A.         USA                 #-797a          (1894-1972)          (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AI/AR/BH.         Military & Sport balloonist.
Mid-name Asa, nickname "Cap."
b: 15 Jun.1894 Akron, OH.
d: 6 Jul.1972 Akron, OH.
e: Dartmouth University, BS-1916 (Zeta Alpha Epsilon; Sigma Nu).
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy, 1918-21; Naval Aviator #1978; Balloon, Airship, and Airplane Instructor.
p: Goodyear Manager, Factory Personnel; Bert Manufacturing Company 1922-60 President-1934, Board Chairman-1959).
f: Balloon & Airship training at Akron & NAS-Pensacola; FAI-CIA B-License #797a 9 Apr.1919. NOTE: TWO #797 licenses were issued by the ACA, see APPENDIX-AR).
l: Pilot in 1928 & 1929 U.S.National B-Races; Pilot in 1929 G-Bennett B-Races; Active sport balloonist 1920-29.
r: Contact Profiles p494; BF-J/F 1973P9 (T).

PARKER, Hugh Frazer         USA                  (1800?1850)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-S.                 Semi-professional balloonist.
Resident of Baltimore, MD.
p: Mechanic, Professional balloonist, Eastern USA Coast.
f: Made three recorded flights in his 1834 career: First flight 5 July from Baltimore; Second 8 Oct. from Washington (DC); #3 15 Oct. from Fredericksburgh (VA).
r: Baltimore Chronicle 11 Jul.1834.

PARKINSON, Russell         USA                         (1930?                         (GB/HB)
s: Officer in the U.S.Air Force, Historian.
l: Amassed a large LTA/HTA library.
m: LTAS, BFA.
a: Washington, DC.
r: Personal interview; BF-V15 #7 p1.

PARODI, Antonio         ARGENTINA         #:29 (1890?1960)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Sport balloonist. (Bio-Data unknown)
b: 25 May 1890.
e: Argentine Military Academy.
p: Profession unknown; Dilitant.
s: Officer in the Argentine Army.
f: Early B-Flying at the Military Academy; FAI-AAC B-License #29 issued 5 Jan.1915; First B-Flight 10 Oct.1914; Palermo to Palomar in 2:15; Made only 3 recorded B-Flights; FAI-AAC Airplane license #68 issued 4 Jan.1915.
l: Established an airplane altitude record of 6650m on 2 Sep.1919; First Argentine pilot to cross the Andes in an airplane (3:20 on 2 Mar.1920 in a SBA/5spa by plane).
r: Aero-nautica Historica Argentina.

PARSEVAL, August D. von            GERMANY          (1861-1942)          (GB/OB/KB)
See APPENDIX-C/U/AU.         Military balloonist.
b: 5 Feb.1861.
d: 22 Feb.1942 Berlin.
p: Professor at the Berlin Technical Academy.
s: Officer in the German Army 1890-1910 era, Retired Major; Engineer in the Observation B-Corps; Co-Developer (w/SIGSFELD) of the "Drachen" Kite Balloon in 1896 (blimp-shape, with a single lower vertical fin); Builder of about 26 airships.
f: First B-Flight 1897; Still active in 1914.
m: Augsburg B-Club (FM & First President); Berliner, Bitterfeld, & Munchen B-Clubs; Kaiserlichter Aero Club.
r: FuA p113.

PARSONS, Roly         N.ZEALAND          (1935?                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-BL.                 Sport balloonist. (Bio-Data unavailable)
s: Officer in the Royal N.Zealand Air Force; Airplane pilot. ***Epic flight 31 Aug.1974 across the Southern (NZ) Alps. ***Epic flight 1 Jan.1975 (w/Rex Brereton) across the Cook Straight between the main North and South Islands of New Zealand, in 3hrs.
r: BM; Aerostat 2 Apr.75.

PATTEE, Clara (F)            USA                  (1870?1920)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist.
Resident of the N.East USA.
p: Worked for G.A.ROGERS; Stage name: Patti. ***Epic flight 1889 from Nashua, NH. Pilot suffered a broken leg on landing. Asked by a reporter "why she did such a dangerous occupation?" Her reply: "it pays." ***Epic flight 4 Jul. 1892 from Augusta, ME. Smoke balloon was wet when filled, and did not have sufficient lift. Pilot quickly landed in the Kennebee River, was tangled in the parachute lines, and almost drowned before rescue.
r: NT-5 Jul.1892 p1c5; AIAA Box-219.

PATTON, James C.         USA                  (1820?1870)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-R/S.                 Professional balloonist.
Resident of Petersburg, VA.
p: Balloonist & B-Maker, 1850-62 era.
s: Officer in the Confederate Army, 1861-64, volunteered as an aeronaut May1862, but was rebuffed; Made two of the three balloons used by the Confederate Army (see L.CHEVES).
r: Air Arm of the Confederacy.

PAULA-ROJAS, Francisco         SPAIN                  (1870?1930)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-?                 Military balloonist.
s: Officer in the Spanish Army Aerostiers under F.ARAWGUREN; Joined Aerostiers with the Army reorganization of Aug.1896; Capt. by 1903; Protégé of A.S.TIRADO.
l: Inventor of a stratoscope/altimeter.
r: l'Aerophile.

PAULHAN, Louis         FRANCE                  (1883?1950)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AT.                 Sport balloonist 1905-12 era.
b: 19 Jul.1883.
f: Balloon, Airship, & Airplane pilot.
l: Pilot of the "Ville de Paris" air-ship; Sued by the WRIGHT Brothers in 1909 for patent infringement (for using a French-made airplane to fly exhibitions in the USA).
m: Aero Club of France.
h: Legion of Honor-1910; La Grande Medialle de L'Aero-Club de France.
r: C.Faroux, Aero Manual 1912-13.

PAULLIN, William         USA                  (1812-1871)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-M/N/S/W.                Professional balloonist 1837-60 era.
b: 3 Apr.1812 Philidelphia, PA.
d: 1 Dec.1871 Philidelphia, PA.
p: Started career working for Silas BROOKS; Hired by T.LOWE 11 Oct.1861 as B-Observer in the American Civil War; Accompanied T.LOWE on B-Observations from the USS Custis on the Potomac River; Served with the land forces of Gen.Hooker thereafter; Fired 31 Jan.1862 for selling aerial photographs as a sideline to his duties (wages had been unpaid for the previous two months).
f: First flight Aug.1833; First recorded B-Solo 2 Aug.1837 from Philidelphia; Flew extensively in Latin America (6-years) 1841-47; Chile (Valparaiso) Sep.1841; Cuba (Havana); Haiti; Mexico; Peru (Lima) 19 Jun.1842; Puerto Rico; Made his 94th flight 4 Jul.1854; Last recorded ascent 31 Jan.1862. ***Epic flight 29 Jul.1852 (his 43rd ascent) from Statehouse Square in Indianapolis, IN. Balloon sustained multiple bullet holes from a farmer "defending his land from an enormous bird from foreign climes." ***Epic flight Sep.1841 from Valpariso, Chile. Flight passed over the St.Jago Volcano; Pilot was rendered unconscious from the fumes, while expecting the balloon to explode from erupting cinders.
r: Sacramento Union Aug.1858.

PAULUS, Kätchen (F)            GERMANY          (1868-1935)          (SM/GB)
See APPENDIX-O/AU.         Professional Aeronaut.
Stage name: Miss Polly; Fiancée of balloonist, J.LATTEMAN.
b: 22 Dec.1868 Zellhausen.
d: 1935 Reinickendorf (age 67).
p: Seamstress, sewed balloons & parachutes for LATTEMAN; Professional (first European woman) Smoke-Balloonist 1893-1900; Became an accomplished parachute designer by 1920.
f: First B-Flight 1893 from Elberfeld; First B-Jump May 1893; Made 516 B-Flights, 197 Parachute descents in her lifetime; Last recorded B-Flight 1899; Flew airplanes by 1910.
l: Witnessed epic flight 18 Jun.1899 from Frankfurt. LATTAMAN's parachute failed to open and he died on impact. Continued LATTAMAN's business after his death; Daughter of a mechanic, Very mechanically inclined; Rode horses & Bicycles aloft; Demonstrated a pedal-powered airship 5 Aug.1931 w/A.DAHL.
h: Two streets in Berlin named in her honor. ***Epic flight 8 Sep.1903 from Berlin. Ascent and release were normal, but during her descent, the wind blew her onto a rooftop. Her parachute caught momentarily 100' above the street. Acting quickly, she swung herself into an open window just before the parachute slid off.
r: Daily Express 9 Sep.1903; FuA p114; J.Provan archives.

PECK, Llewellyn Bradley         USA                  (1886?1940)                  (GB)
b: 13 Jan.1886 Shantung China; Resident of Berkley, CA.
e: Pomona College.
p: Editor of the "Berkley Gazette."
s: Officer in the U.S.Army 1916-19; Balloon & Airship pilot & instructor.
f: No FAI B-License; Holder of Military brevet.
r: Aviation Magazine-1921.

PECK, Scott Ernest         USA                  (1895?1960)                  (GB)
b: 24 Oct.1895 Cozad, NB.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy, Balloon & Airship Pilot & Instructor; Commander of NAS-San Diego & NAS-Panama.
f: Member of the FIRST LTA Class at Goodyear-Akron (1 Jun.-20 Oct.1917); Holder of Military brevet #48.
l: Pilot of C-5 blimp on FIRST Navy airship to attempt a Transatlantic crossing; barely escaped with his life, ship was abandoned in N.E.Canada
r: Who's Who in Aeronautics 1928 p93.

PECKHAM, Frank L.         USA         #-N/N (1887-1974)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR/AS.         Military balloonist.
b: 5 Jul.1897 Humbolt, IA.
d: 16 Mar.1974 Toms River, NJ.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy WW-1 & WW-2.
f: Completed Balloon & Airship Schools in England; FIA-ACA B-License issued 4 May 1927 (with no number, based on British license).
l: One of the few US officers to serve on British airships; Served as Master Rigger on the Shenandoah & Los Angeles.
r: Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43; BF-J/F 1975p8 (T).

PEDANTO, Signorie         USA                  (1850?1900)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-S.                 Professional balloonist;
p: Worked for Smits-Island Amusement Park (Philadelphia, PA). ***Epic flight 24 Aug.1874 (w/Smith) from Philadelphia. Poorly inflated balloon rose only slightly, and maintained that altitude until it struck some buildings. The pilot was knocked out of the basket from 90' and suffered severe injuries.
r: NT-26 Aug.1874,5/6.

PEDUZZI, George S.         USA                  (1850?1900)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-S.                 Semi-Professional balloonist.
p: Druggist in Brooklyn, NY.
f: Made 10 flights in his career (1876-79); Made 3-recorded flights in "City of Portsmouth" balloon. ***Epic flight 16 Jun.1876 from Long Island, NY. Pilot did not like the direction of his flight, so he abandoned the balloon by jumping to the ground. Balloon was later redeemed from a farmer. ***Epic flight (#3) 4 Jul.1877 from Capitoline Grounds. Balloon crashed in Prospect Park after covering a short distance.
r: NT-5 Jul.1877,3/7; 14 Aug.1879,8/2.

PEEK, Anna (F)            USA                  (1870?1900)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist 1894-95 era.
p: Partners with ELLIOT. ***Epic flight 5 Aug.1895 (w/ELLIOT) from Jackson, MI. Double ascent started normal, but the basket ropes broke at 50'. Both aeronauts fell into a tree. Elliot received bad bruises, but Anna broke an arm and leg, and was not expected to survive due to possible internal injuries.
r: Evening Telegraph 5 Aug.1895.

PEEK, Norman D.W.         USA         #-914 (1885?1850)          (KB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AI/AR.         Military balloonist 1894-95 era.
b: 13 Jul.1885 Oshkosh, WI.
e: St.James Military Academy.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army Air Force 1911-41.
f: Completed B-School 1921; Airships-1921; Airplanes-1928; FIA-ACA B-License #914 issued 23 Feb.1921; Airship May 1921.
l: 1924, Pilot in U.S.National, & G-Bennett B-Races.
r: Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

PELLEGRINO, Peter         USA                  (1916-1999)                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AD/BE/BF/BG/BM. Sport balloonist 1956-76 era.
b: 10 Apr.1916 New York City.
d: 26 March 1999 Newtown, PA.
e: Three years college, plus five years of Art School.
s: U.S.Army-Pilot.
p: Manager, N.Phila. Airport; FAA-Air Traffic Controller, Ret. supervisor of E.Coast 1976.
f: First B-Flight 1952 with D.PICCARD; First B-Solo 1952 in 35,000 Cf. gas balloon; FAA Free-Balloon and Airplane ratings; Former FAA B-Pilot Examiner.
l: 1966, First American B-Pilot to cross the Alps; 1962, Official FAI-Observer for ROSS/PRATHER altitude record.
m: Balloon Club of America, Pres-1955; BFA (FM), First President.
h: Montgolfier Diploma-1970 (for outstanding achievement in World recognition of hot-air ballooning as a separate sporting class); Shields-Trauger Award-1972.
r: Bio-Data 1981.

PENNOYER, Ralph G.            USA         #-185 (1891?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist.
b: 23 Jun.1891 Harper, KA; Res.of Pensacola, FL 1969.
e: Annapolis Naval Academy-1914.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1917; Balloon & Airship Pilot & Instructor at Goodyear-Akron; Zeppelin Inspector at Fredriechstraffen Germany.
f: FIA-ACA B-License #185 issued 14 Nov.1917; Naval aviator # 100; Airplane pilot 1918.
l: Bird watcher.
r: Kite Balloons to Airships; Contact-Profiles p.57.

PENNY, Robert III         USA                  (1950?                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-                 Sport balloonist. (Bio-Data unavailable)
f: FAA B-License #536463612 issued 18 Jul.1980; More than 200 gas B-Hours by 1984.
l: Owner of "Old Glory" (GBN-1000).
m: BFA, Gas B-Committee.
a: 211 Indian Trails Rd; Oak Brook, IL 60521; 312/887-1832.

PENTEADO, Sylvio                 BRAZIL                 (1870?1920)                         (GB)
Son of wealthy textile importer.
e: Engineering, Sao Paulo Muni.Technical School; Owens College in London.
p: President of steel company.
l: Inventor / Industrialist, designer / builder of airplane engines; Patron of the School of Commerce in Sao Paulo; Friend & confidant of S.DUMONT.
m: Aero Club of France. ***Epic flight 1903 from Heliopolis over the city of Sao Paulo.

PEREZ, Juanita (Miss) (F)            SPAIN                  (1800?1860)                  (GB)
Made one recorded flight about 1820 in a dirigible-balloon with large flapping wing-oars, built by her father.

PEREZ, (Stanley)         CUBA                  (1870?1896) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/L/S.         Professional balloonist.
b: Cuba; Name was probably a pseudonym; Perez is believed to have used the stage name "Stanley Spencer" while in Cuba (see S.SPENCER & J.WELLS).
p: Worked for the "Forpaugh Show." ***Epic flight 23 Jan.1896 from Key West, FL. Flight was blown about 3-miles out into the open sea. Balloon was recovered, but the pilot was never found.
r: NT-24 Jan.1896.

PEREZ, Matias         CUBA                  (1810-1856) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B.                 Sport balloonist.
Stage name: King of the Air."
b: 1810, on a sugar plantation;
d: 29 Jun.1856 Atlantic Ocean.
e: No formal education.
p: Awning maker; Repaired GODARD's balloon in course of business.
f: First ascent 1828 with Eugene GODARD; Trained by correspondence with Eugene ROBERTSON; Made only two solo flights (1856) in "Ville de Paris" (in balloon purchased from Godard before he left Cuba); First flight 12 Jun.1856 from Campo de Marte military training field (now Fraternity Park), landing 8 miles S.W. ***Epic flight 29 Jun.1856 from the Miguel Aldama residence, on the outskirts of Havana. He was last seen flying North over the open Atlantic at sunset. His body was never recovered.

PEREZ-FERREYRA, Saturnino            ARGENTINA            #:23 (1880?1952)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Military balloonist.
b: (unknown)
d: 1 Nov.1952.
e: Military School of Aviation.
s: Officer in the Argentine Army, professional soldier.
f: First B-Flight 25 Apr.1913 from Palermo to San Vincent in 3:50; FAI-AAC B-License #23 issued 23 Nov.1913; made only 2 recorded B-Flights; FAI-AAC Airplane license #27 issued 26 Jun.1913.
h: Declared "Father of Military Aviation" in 1950.

PERKINS, Richard Eugene            USA                  (1945?1980) K                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-B (+2);         Student balloonist.
b: 25 Jul.1949 Charleston, WV.
d: 20 Apr.1980 Hurrican, WV.
p: Professional Photographer. Education unknown.
f: Student License #ZZ-29793 issued 18 Sep.1979; First B-Flight with R.L. Jones (instructor); First B-Solo 18 Nov.1979; Made 2-solo B-Flights (1.5 Hrs.) in career, 13.3 hrs total time; 6-7 hours in the preceding 5 months.
l: Part owner (w/D.O'Connor) of Barnes AX-7 balloon N40452, and flown as the joint venture "Mountain State B-Adventures." ***Epic flight 20 Apr.1980 (w/Angel Cargil & Jerry Perkins) from Milton, WV. Inflation and initial flight were uneventful. He reported burning part of the balloon mouth, and gusty winds after 2.5 hours. The envelope was seen to "streamer" shortly afterwards, and all aeronauts died on impact. Investigation revealed a vertical tear along a load seam probably caused by wind shear.
a: 408 Seventh Ave; St.Albans, WV.
r: FAA & NTSB-reports; T.Wright, S.Bond, V.Anderson archives.

PERKINS, Samuel F.         USA                  (1885?1935)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/CH.         Sport balloonist. (bio-data unknown)
p: Mechanic, inventor.
l: Aide to H.GERICKE in the 1910 G-Bennett B-Race.
m: Aero Club of St.Louis. ***Epic flight 3 Nov.1910 at St.Louis (MO) in a man-carrying kite to 300' at the Kinlock Aviation Meet. Flight was an estimated to be a World Record. (see CODY)
r: City of Flight p156.

PERLEWITZ, Paul         GERMANY          (1870?1940)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AJ/AU/CH.         Sport balloonist.
p: Meteorologist.
f: B-License issued 1912; Last recorded B-Flight 1936; 48 lifetime flights.
l: Participant in the 1913 G-Bennett B-Race.
h: Received German Aero Club Silver Sports Medal-1931.
r: FuA p114.

PERLIS, Edward         USA                  (1916-1984)          (HB/GB)
b: 13 Jan.1916 Brooklyn, NY;
d: 4 Jun.1984 Long Beach, CA.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army Air Corps 1940-46; Pilot, B-17 bombers.
p: Flight Instructor; Owner/Operator of flight service; Pilot Examiner for the FAA 1959-80.
f: First B-Flight 1969 w/R.Rechs from Lancaster, CA; First FAA-employee in the Western USA to fly in a modern Hot-Air balloon; became an ardent supporter of the sport (see P.PELLEGRINO, Eastern USA); Held FAA Pilot certificate: All Aircraft, All Ratings"; Preferred Balloons & Airships to the more than 100 types of aircraft he was qualified in; More than 25000 flight hours at time of death.
r: Personal interview, wife; 213/429-9992.

PEROTTI, Italo Eduardo         URUGUAY          (1883-1972)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Sport balloonist 1908-15 era.
b: 27 Jul.1883 Montevidio.
d: 14 Jan.1972 Montevideo; Had dual Argentine-Uruguay citizenship, but was not listed in chronology of "Aeroportes Para Historica Uruguay."
p: Journalist, Aviation writer; Politician & Diplomat; Agent for Paris newspaper "La Nacionen"; Founder & Editor of the Argentine Aero Club Bulletin 1 Jun.1911.
f: Argentine B-License #:11 issued 21 Sep.1912; Made six B-Flights in his lifetime.
m: Argentine Aero Clus.
r: Cronica Historica Aeronautica Argentina.

PERRIGO, Cyrus H.         USA                  (1845-1946)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AF.                 Sport balloonist 1908-09 era.
b: 1845 Saginaw, MI.
d: 10 Mar.1946 Saginaw, MI.
s: Enlisted Union Army as a Sharp-shooter 1862-65. ***Epic flight 6 Jun.1909 in "Iroquois." Survived an in-flight fire.
a: Long time resident of Chicago after 1909.
r: Chicago Daily Tribune 6 Jul.1908p1:3; NT-11 Dec.1946p31:4 (T).

PERRIN, Harold         BRITAIN                  (1880?1940)                  (GB)
f: Sport balloonist; Made several B-Flights 1900-10 era.
m: Royal Aero Club (FM), First secretary-1901.

PESCH, Gunther         GERMANY          (1921-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BF.                 Sport balloonist.
b: 7 Oct.1921 Mamm.
f: First B-Flight 7 Apr.1954.
f: B-License #139 issued 23 Apr.1958 for gas; Recognized for Hot-Air 1964 (FIRST in Europe?); German HB-License reissued 1976; More than 243 flights by 1979.
h: Received German Aero Club Silver Sports Medal-1964; Daidalos Gold Medal-1975; Montgolfier Diploma-1978; DAeC Silver Ehrennadel Medal-1979.
r: FuA p114.

PETE, Malay         USA                  (1825?1900)                  (GB)
Immigrated from Malaya about 1850; Real name unknown.
p: Sailmaker in Malaya, Prospector in the USA.
f: Made only one flight attempt; Witnessed one previous ascent in the Summer of 1893. ***Epic flight 25 Dec.1893 from Oraville, CA. Sitting on a chair gondola, he launched on a voyage that he hoped would return him to Malaya. Unfortunately, the balloon was last seen engulfed in fire - it struck a tree, and he fell into a creek. The aeronaut was found dazed and half frozen two days later, but survived with only bruises.
r: Oroville Register.

PETERKA, Peter         SWITZERLAND         #+127 (1920?                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-BC/BP/BJ/BM/BN.         Sport balloonist.
p: Automotive (Mercedes) dealer.
f: Swiss B-License #127 issued 5 Aug.1963; More than 1650 Gas B-Hours by 1964.
l: Crossed the Swiss Alps from Murren 1965,66,67, 68,70; Participant in Coupe G-Bennett B-Races of 1983, 84, 85 & 86; Boating/Yacht enthusiast.
r: Swiss Aero Club files.

PETIN, Jusque La         FRANCE                  (1812-1878)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-S.                 Semi-Professional balloonist.
Also known by a first name "Ernest"; Arrived in the USA 1852, as a political refugee; returned to France 1854.
b: 12 Mar.1912 Armiens;
d: 1878 France (in pauper's home).
e: French Academy of Science.
p: Haberdasher (hat-maker),
f: First flight 3 Aug.1851; Student of POITEVIN; Reportedly made an ascent in Mexico (unconfirmed).
l: Proposed a dirigible of 4-balloons on one keel, 1850 (NOT built); Politically active in 1848 French Revolution.
h: Named "Man of the Century" in 1853 , for his scientific contributions, by the German language newspaper (Deutsche Zeitung) of New Orleans, LA ***Epic Ascent 5 Jul.1852 from Bridgeport, CN in "Washington." Balloon contacted telegraph lines and was destroyed. ***Epic flight 16 Oct.1852 (w/Wood) from Bridgeport (CN) in "Eagle." Landed 2-miles offshore and was rescued after 2.5 hours. ***Epic flight 19 Dec.1852 from Central New Orleans. Crash landed in Lake Ponchartrain and was rescued by the steamer Alabama." ***Epic flight 25 Dec.1852 from New Orleans. Had to be rescued from Lake Borgne after 25 minutes in the water.
r: The Air Arm of the Confederacy p13.

PETREHN, John         USA                  (1940?1990)          (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BC.                 Sport balloonist. (Bio-Data unavailable)
Father of eleven children.
d: 3 Mar.1990 Shawnee Mission, KS.
f: First B-Flight 1974.
h: Montgolfier Diploma; Harmon Trophy.
l: Founder of "Southern Hemisphere Aerostat Research Expedition." ***Epic flight 5 Sep.1982 from Prior Lake (WI). Established FAI AX-6 duration record of 13:24 (to raise money for charity). ***Epic flight 17 Sep.1984 from Middletown (IL). Established FAI duration (24:11:54, AX-6,7,8) and distance (851.32Km., for AX-6 and AX-7). ***Epic flight attempt March 1988 from Mendoza, Argentina. Flight was to circle the World (15,800 miles) on a research mission. Combination helium-hot air balloon was damaged by gusty winds before launch (Co-pilot was to be Towland Smith).
m: BFA-Life.
a: 11876 West 91st Street; Overland Pk, KS 66207 (913/649-8377).
r: Pilot News; NAA-files; B-Life Apr.1990 (T).

PETREHN, Johnny         USA                  (1965?                          (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BK (4).                 Sport balloonist. (Bio-Data unavailable)
Son of John.

PETSCHOW, Robert            GERMANY          (1888-1945)                  (GB)
b: 1 Mar.1888 Kolnberg.
d: 17 Oct.1945 Haldensleben.
e: Engineering student in Danzig-1911.
p: Avant-Garde photographer, well-known in Germany.
l: Sport balloonist; Pioneer Aerial/Balloon Photographer.
m: Bomberger, Bitterfelder, and Danzig Balloon Clubs. h: Recognized by the German Aero Club for contrabutions-1929. ***Epic flight Feb.1922 from Erneuerung to Filipstad Sweden. 950 Km. in 20:08 hours, half over open sea.
r: Freiballonfurher und Anwarter p115.

PEYREY, Francois         FRANCE                  (1870?1930)                  (GB)
Sport balloonist 1900-05 era.
f: Protégé of GROUAD.
l: Participated in many B-Races; Made a successful flight in 1901, using the gas from an airship deflated by aeronaut ROSE.
r: N.Y.Herald 26 Aug.1901.

PFEFFER, Erwin         GERMANY          (1895-1979)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AU.         Sport balloonist.
b: 31 Dec.1895 Dusseldorf;
d: 9 Feb.1979 Disseldorf.
s: Artillery observation balloonist 1917.
f: Received German B-License 10 Dec.1929; Reissued as #22 in 1951; Last B-Flight 1959; More than 54 ascents in his lifetime.
m: Dusseldorfer Aero Club; NRW-Balloongroupe.
h: DAeC Golden Ehrennadel.
r: FuA p115.

PHELPS, C.C.         USA                  (1880?1930)          (SM/GB)
See APPENDIX-S/L.                 Professional balloonist. (bio-data unknown).
p: Professional balloonist/parachutist in the North East USA.
l: Did a "cannon-act"; fired from a cannon aloft called the "Rocket Ship."
r: Classic Amer.Airposts p90.

PHELPS, Glen         USA         #-126 (1894?1950)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AM/Aw/CP/CS. Military balloonist.
b: 3 Jul.1894 Lutesville, MA.
s: Officer in the 5th B-Company 1917-19; Made many B-Ascents as artillery observer in combat; Made 5 para-jumps under enemy fire; Three of his kite balloons were destroyed.
f: Extent and details of B-Training unknown; FAI-ACA B-License #126 issued 3 Oct.1917.
h: Distinguished Service Cross; French Citation.
r: NAAOBCV-files; The Balloon Section.

PHELPS, Harry E.         USA                  (1877-1947)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L.                 Semi-Professional balloonist.
Resident of Chicago, IL.
b: 1877 Chicago, IL.
d: 6 Feb.1947 Phoenix, AZ.
p: Smoke Balloonist in the Central USA 1896-1905 era; Advertising Agent, V.Pres. Nedham, Louis, & Brorby Co.; Advertizing Manager for Kraft Cheese Co.
r: NT-6 Feb.1947p23/5.

PHILIPPEE, Louis         FRANCE                  (1780?1820)                  (GB)
p: Professional balloonist; Official aeronaut for Napoleon (see GANERIN-1801). ***Epic ascent 16 Dec.1804 from Paris in a balloon flown by GARNERIN. Made a successful parachute jump.

PHILLIPS, Osseo         USA                  (1880?1940)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist 1895-99 era.
***Epic flight 28 Aug.1896 from Adrian, MI. Flight was successful, but the unruly crowd accosted a policeman who was trying to obscure their view. Resulting riot had to be quelled by the town Marshal.
r: Adrian Daily Telegraph-31 Jul.1896p2.

PHIPPS, Lawrence P.         USA         #-425 (1886-1976)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                 Military balloonist 1917-19 era.
b: 30 Jun.1886 Pittsburgh, PA;
d: 16 May 1976 Denver, CO; Son of Industrialist & Congressman.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army B-Corps, 41st B-Company.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #425 issued 6 Mar.1918.
r: NAAOBCV-files; The Balloon Section.

PHUL, Sylvester Lewis von         USA          #- 27 (1886?1910)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-U/AF/AI/AR.         Sport balloonist 1909-10 era.
Nickname Tony." Member of Aristocratic/wealthy family; Resident of St.Louis, MO.
d: 26 Jun.1910 Denver, CO; Assimilated in a restaurant (by Harwood) over the refusal to take a woman friend of his as passenger on a proposed B-Flight across the Rocky Mts.
p: Wine agent.
l: Sportsman, aeronautical enthusiast.
f: First B-Flight 26 Jun.1909 with H.HONEYWELL; FAI-ACA B-License #27 issued 1910. ***Epic flight 6 Jun.1909 (w/J.O'REILLY) from Indianapolis (IN) in the US-Nat.B-Races. Disqualified after covering 550 miles in 40:40, landing near Wahkon, MN. ***Epic flight 17 Oct.1910 (w/J.O'REILLY) from St.Louis (MO) in the G-Bennett B-Races. Landed in Charleston (SC) after covering 690 miles.
r: Denver Post 27 Jun.1909p1/1; NT-13 Jun.1910p2/5, 27 jun.1911 (T).

PIACEUZO, Mario Guido            ITALY                  (1870?1930)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AI/AV/CH.         Military balloonist. (bio-data unknown).
s: Officer in the Italian Army Aerostiers.
l: Made many sport & scientific flights 1908-13 era; Placed 13th in the 1909 G-Bennett B-Race.

PIANA, Luigi         ITALY                  (1820?1853) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/CR.         Semi-Professional balloonist 1847-53.
f: Made seven recorded ascents in his career. ***Epic event 10 Sep. (#1=10 Sep.#2=27 Nov.1853 in Rome. Died of hydrogen asphyxiation while attempting to inflate his balloon.
r: (#1)=L'Aeronautica Itallia; (#2)=Felsineo Aeronautica Roma.

PIANTANIDA, Nicholas            USA                  (1938-1966) K                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-B/AP.         Strato-Parachutist.
b: 1938 Union City, NJ.
d: 29 Aug.1966 Philadelphia, PA (died after a four month coma); Suffered from Osteomylitis as a child.
p: Parachute instructor at Lakewood (NJ) Sport Center.
f: No previous balloon experience before "Project Strato Jump"l: First parachute jump 1963. ***Epic series of solo B-Altitude record attempts: Attempt #1, Oct.1965, aborted; Attempt #2, 1 Feb.1966, made a successful 123,800' jump (attained highest altitude ever reached by a manned balloon). Gondola free-fell 28,800' in 34 seconds before the parachute opened; Attempt #3, 1 May 1966, aborted at 57,000' as he experienced a loss of breathing oxygen. He never regained consciousness.
a: Resident of Bricktown (NJ), location of wife and daughter unknown. NOTE: E.YOST was the flight controller by ground radio signals. The envelopes were an early use of polyfilm by LITTON Ind. Attempt #2 did not establish an official World Parachute Record as the flight did not request FAI-NAA sanction. (see J.KITTINGER 1960-102,800', V.PRATHER 1961-113,733') To be a successful Balloon record, the pilot must return with the craft, while in control.
r: NT-20 Aug.1966p41/1; Life Magazine-1966; E.Yost, T.Curley.
a: Survived by wife and daughter, location unknown.

PICCARD, Auguste         SWITZERLAND          #+ 40 (1884-1962)          (KB/GB/SB)
See APPENDIX-K/AA/AH/AP.         Scientific balloonist.
Twin brother of balloonist Jean"; Son of a Chemistry Professor.
b: 28 Jan.1884 Lutry (Basle).
d: 24 Mar.1962 Lausanne.
e: Zurich Institute of Technology, 1907-Engineering; Doctorate in Natural Sciences.
s: Officer in the Swiss Army 1915-45; Volunteer Observation balloonist 1915-20.
p: Physics Professor at Brussels University 1928-40.
f: Made 28 B-Ascents in his lifetime; FIA-SAC B-License #40 issued 8 Oct.1914.
l: 1928, Made an experimental B-Flight for Albert Einstein; 1930, Received a grant from the Belgian National Scientific Research Institute to explore the stratosphere; 1953, Established an undersea depth record of 10,330' with his son Jacques, off the Italian Mediterranean Coast; Author of "Earth, Sky, Sea"; Ballooning in the Stratosphere.
m: LTA Society (HM).
h: Numerous postage stamps acclaiming his achievements, from:
Belgium-1932;         Cambodia-1983;         Congo-1983;                Guinee-1983;
Laos-1983;         Mali-1977;         Monaco-1983;         Mongolia-1983;
San Marino-1983; St.Thomas-1979         Upper Volta-1985.
***Epic flight 27 May 1931 (w/KIPFER) from Augsburg, Germany. FIRST flight using a pressurized capsule to successfully enter the stratosphere (51,793') to study Cosmic Rays. ***Epic flight 18 Aug.1932 (w/COSYNS) to 53,149'.
r: NT-Mar.1962p1/7 (T).

PICCARD, Bertrand                 SWI                 (1958-                                  (GB/HB)
See APPENDIX-BF                                Sport Balloonist
Grandson of Auguste, Cousin to Donald.
b: 1 Mar.1958 Lauserne.
p: Medical Doctor, Psychiatry.
l: Hang glider & Paraglider pilot & instructor, Euro-Acrobatic Champion, est. World altitude record. *Epic flight 1992. Winner of the Chrysler Transatlantic Challenge. *Epic transglobal attempt #1 ended in the Mediterranean; #2 ended in Myanmar (Burma). ***Epic flight 1 Mar.1999 (w/B.JONES) from Chateau dOex Switzerland in Orbiter-3. Transglobal attempt #3. Landed near Mut Oasis, Egypt after covering 26,000 Sm. (42,200 Km.) in 19 days, 21 hours, 55 minutes.
h: Winner of $1 million and the Budweiser Cup; 1999 Montgolfier Diploma.
a: Lausanne.
r: Associated Press, Breitling web site, R.Wertman archives.

PICCARD, Donald Louis            USA         #-1097 (1926-                  (GB/HB)
See APPENDIX-AA/AR/BA/BB/BC/BD/BE/BF/BG/BH/BI/BJ/BR.
Son of prominent balloonists, Jean & Jeannette.
b: 13 Jan.1926 Lusanne, Switzerland.
e: Univ.of Minnesota; Swathmore College; Univ.of Delaware.
s: U.S.Navy 1944-46; E.M., Balloon & Airship rigger; Instructor at the Lakehurst (NJ) Airship School.
p: Salesman, Professional balloonist & B-Manufacturer; B-Development for Schjeldahl & Raven Industries. Founder with Ed Yost of Skypower, Inc. - builders of classic gas balloons with modern materials. Designer of SkyPower sport gas balloons.
f: First B-Flight 1933 with mother; First B-Solo 16 Feb.1947; B-Instructor was R.UPSON; FAA B-License issued Feb.1947; FAI-ACA B-License #1097 issued 7 Aug.1950.
m: BCA-Life (FM); BFA-Life (FM); NAABCV (HM); LTAS (HM); BBAC (HM); Lockheed B-Club (HM); Aero Club of Minnesota (FM), First Pres.
l: 1947, Flew a captured Japanese War Balloon (FO-GOS type, see W.W.HYDE); 1947, FIRST to fly "Side Inflated" Gas Balloon; 1957, Designed & Flew "Pleiades" (cluster type) balloon; 1960, FIRST to fly Mylar envelope balloon; 1960, Established FAI-Altitude record in A-1 class (1140 Meters); 1961, Established FAI-Altitude record in A-4 class (10504Mts);1962, FIRST to organize a Hot-Air B-Race (Kalamazoo, MI); 1962, Established FAI-Altitude record in A-2 class (5409 Meters);1963, FIRST to cross the English Channel (w/YOST) in HB-Balloon; 1962, FIRST to organize a FAI-Sanctioned In'tl Hot-Air B-Race; 1965, FIRST to fly "Load Tape" reinforced HB-Balloon (13 Jan.); 1965, Competitor in U.S. National B-Races (Reno, NV); 1965, Established FAI-Altitude record in AX-6 class (4782 Meters); 1972, FIRST winner of Albuquerque B-Fiesta; 1973, Participated in FIRST Brazilian HB-Rally; 1973, Established FAI-Distance record in AX-3 class (639 Meters); 1979, Competitor in Modern G-Bennett B-Race (Long Beach, CA).
h: 1962, FAI-Montgolfier Diploma; LTAS-Achievement Award; Numerous sinecure commissions, Keys, Citizenships, Badges, etc. ***Epic flight 24 Oct.1954 (w/C.WOLF, wife Joan, Coles Phinezy of Sports Illustrated and Tony Bryan) from Bucks County (Philidelphia area), PA. B-Envelope ruptured at an altitude recorded by barograph of 4317'. Envelope inverted in the net and formed a parachute. Impact resulted in one broken leg (wife), but only minor injuries to the rest.
r: Bio-Data 1982; BM-numerous issues; FAI & NAA files; C.Wolfe.

PICCARD, Jean Felix         USA                 #-1096 (1884-1963)                  (KB/GB/SB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AP/AR.         Strato & sport balloonist.
Son of a Chemistry Professor; Twin brother of Auguste; Husband of Jeannette; Father of balloonists John, Paul, & Don; Emigrated to the USA 1926; Naturalized citizen 1931.
b: 28 Jan.1884, Basle. (hereditary citizen Lutry & Villar St Croix, Vaud, Switzerland)
d: 28 Jan.1963 Minneapolis, MN.
e: Univ.of Basle 1902-03; Swiss Institute of Technology 1903-09; MA-Chemical Eng.,1907; Jamestown College, DR-Science 1957.
p: Scientific assistant, Univ.of Munich 1910-14; Professor, Lausanne University 1914-16, Univ.of Chicago 1916-18, Mass.Inst.of Tech.1926-29; Univ.of Minnesota 1930-63; Research consultant on many LTA & physics projects.
f: Volunteered (w/brother) for Swiss Army Observation B-Training; Started free B-Training 1915; Made one stratosphere flight as Aide to Jeannette Piccard; Participated in several National & In'tl B-Events; CAA B-License issued 1935; FAI-ACA B-License #1096 23 Sep.1944.
l: Invented, developed, built, & launched FIRST plastic film balloon 1935-36; Developed multiple-hull theory 1937.
h: Many awards for contributions to science in lifetime.
m: LTAS (HM).
r: Who's Who in the USA.

PICCARD, Jeannette Ridlon (F)            USA         #-1082 (1895-1981)                  (HB/GB/SB)
See APPENDIX-C/AP/AR.         FIRST woman in space (piloted FAA-defined space flight aircraft, 1934).
b: 5 Jan.1895 Chicago, IL.
d: 19 May 1981 Minneapolis, MN; Wife of balloonist "Jean"; Mother of John, Paul, & Donald.
e: Byrn Mawr, BA-Philosophy & Psychology; Univ.of Chicago, MA-Organic Chemistry 1918; Univ.of Minnesota, PHD-Education 1942.
p: Researcher in many Physics projects with husband; Aerospace Consultant; Co-invented plastic balloon with husband Jean; Episcopal Priest 1971.
f: B-Student of E.J.HILL; FAI-ACA B-License #1082 issued 27 Jul.1934; Last B-Flight (in a hot-air balloon w/R.RECHS Dec. 1970.
l: Strato B-Pilot on Strato flight to 57,559' 23 Oct.1934; Broke leg on her first helium B-Flight (w/son Don) in 1964.
m: LTAS (HM); BFA (HM).
h: Many Aviation & Scientific awards in lifetime.

PICCARD, Wilma Ivins (F)            USA                  (1930-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AB/BI/BK.         Sport balloonist.
First husband was balloonist W.ECKMEIER, Second husband was D.PICCARD; Mother of two balloonists.
b: 5 Nov.1930 Denmark, IA.
p: Housewife, Balloonist & B-Maker.
l: Accomplished balloonist; Established FAI Class A-1 Distance record (Mylar gas balloon), second place finish in first Albuquerque hot air balloon fiesta, 1972.
r: Bio-Data 1983.

PILLSBURY, Arthur C.F.            USA                  (1870?1930)                  (GB)
p: Professional photographer; Resident of San Francisco, CA.
f: Owner of balloon "The Fairy"; Considered an "expert balloonist; Used the balloon to make aerial photographs of the area; Made many tethered ascents, but only one free flight.
l: Made a unique historical aerial record of the 1906 earthquake; Photos are still used today to study damage (See G.LAWRENCE). ***Epic flight 30 Oct.1909 (solo) from San Francisco, CA. The tether line broke, and he was rescued from the Bay near Newark, CA.
r: S.F.Chronicle 31 Oct.1909p42/1; Camera-Craft, 1910.

PITAULT, Raoul         FRANCE                  (1870?1930)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AT/AZ.         Sport balloonist 1900-10 era.
***Epic flight 28 Apr.1907 (w/Daffies) at Malakoff. Balloon hit a chimney and tore, collapsing into the street.
r: Evening Transcript 29 Apr.1907.

POE, Edgar Allan         USA                  (1808-1849)                  (HP)
b: 19 Jan.1808 Boston, MA.
d: 7 Oct.1849 Baltimore, MD.
p: Newspaper writer, Author of many books.
l: Wrote a "hoax story for the N.Y.Sun published 15 Apr.1844: Story told of a B-Flight by Monck MASON that crossed the Atlantic, and landed in South Carolina. Wrote two other LTA stories (Mysterious Island), but no record of him ever riding in a balloon.
r: Poe's Balloon Hoax, Brigham-1932.

POEPPELMAN, Kevin B.         USA                         (1945?                                 (HB)
See APPENDIX-BG.                         (Bio-Data unknown)
h: BFA-Shields/Trauger Arard-1983.
r: Skylines Nov.1983.

POESCHEL, Johannes            GERMANY          (1855-1936)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AU.         Sport balloonist.
b: 16 Jun.1855 Berlin.
d: 1936 Leipzig.
e: Dr.of Philosophy, seminary.
p: Rector of St.Aframeissen Church.
f: received B-Training by correspondence courses; Received German B-License 1905.
l: Many epic balloon flights into Poland and Russia; Author of "Luftreisen" 1908; Einfuhrung in die Luftfahrt" 1925.
m: Chemnitzer B-Club.
r: FuA p117.

POHL, Freiherr Gustav von         GERMANY            (1855?1936)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AU.         Sport balloonist.
p: Royal family; landed gentry; owner of large estate.
s: Calvary officer; supplier of horses & meat to the German Army.
m: Hamburger, Kolner, Lubecker, and Neiderrheinischen B-Clubs; Kaiserlicher Aero-Club.
l: Participant in many German Balloon events; Participant in the 1913 G-Bennett B-Race.
r: FuA p117. NOTE: Many credits confused w/ American "von PHUL."

POITEVIN, Adrien Dute         FRANCE                  (1844-1899)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-Q/T/U.         Military balloonist 1876-96 era.
Son of balloonist "Eugene"; Married to the daughter of balloonist G.BESANCON.
b: 17 Mar.1844.
d: 18 Feb.1899 Paris.
p: Professional European stunt balloonist 1860-75 era; Assistant to C.RENARD at the Meudon Military Establishment; Military Air-Attaché to Germany.
f: Made many B-Flights astride animals; Made four flights from Tivoli Gardens in 1873.

POITEVIN, Eugene         FRANCE                  (1790?1858)                  (GB)
d: 1858. Husband of balloonist Louise, Son of Adrien.
p: Professional balloonist (26 year career).
f: Witnessed 1798 flight of TESTU-Brissi; First flight 1832; Made many flights astride animals. ***Epic flight 13 Oct.1850. Famous ascent with four beautiful girls dressed in winged-angel costumes, suspended from the basket by almost invisible wires. ***Epic flight Nov.1852 (w/22 pax) from Cremore Gardens. Landed safely in a "moderate"wind at Eastham, with no injuries.

POITEVIN, Louise (F)            FRANCE          (1819-1908)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-X.         Professional woman balloonist 1845-75.
Foster-Mother of Adrien; Wife of Eugene (married 1848, her second husband); Mother-in-law (daughter Marie) of T.SIVEL.
b: 3 Jun.1819 Paris
d: 3 Apr.1908.
p: Skilled balloonist and parachute jumper; Retired 1875 (30 year career).
f: First B-Flight 1845 (w/Husband) from the Paris Hippodrome; First solo flight 1851 on horseback; Last recorded flight 20 Oct.1881 w/HAUVEL as pilot; Made 575 B-Flights by 1875; 581 in lifetime.
l: Made an epic parachute jump over London Sep.1852.

POLE, Felix         BRITAIN                  (1945?                  (HB)
Sport balloonist. (Bio-data unknown)
l: Organizer of the Trans Sahara Balloon Expedition in "Daffodil"; Crossed (w/D. CAMERON) 3000 miles of desert from El Golea, Algeria to Niger.
r: The Aerostat.

POLLARD, Richard         USA                  (1945-1964) K                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-B/BH/BI.         Professional balloonist.
Son of Air Force officer.
b: 7 Jun.1945 Sparta, WI.
d: 26 Jul.1964 Pittsburgh, CA (age 19).
e: Graduated from Bear Creek High school 1963.
f: First B-Ascent (in a RAVEN S40) 14 Aug.1963 at Sioux Falls, SD; First B-Solo 18 Aug.1963 from Kalamazoo B-Race; Extent of previous B-Experience is estimated to be about 30-minutes on a short tether line.
l: FIRST U.S.National Hot-Air B-Champion (Kalamazoo); Interest in LTA sparked by high school research; Built many scale model hot-air balloons at that time; First balloon (S40) was purchased used; Second balloon was a RAVEN S45 (only one ever built); Total time unknown, no personal logbook was ever found.
h: Ed Hill Memorial Trophy, BCA-1963; Many of his flying effects are on display at the Nat.B-Museum. ***Epic flight 26 Jul.1964 from Clayton (CA) in "S45" for charity event. Launched late due to equipment problems, and apparently struggled to gain altitude before contacting high power lines near Pittsburgh (CA). Reports suggest fuel exploded after grazing the line, and Pollard jumped from the balloon . He still had vital signs, but was pronounced D.O.A. at the hospital.
a: Family residents of Denver, CO area 1992.
r: R.Douglass, D.Piccard, D.Sonnichsen, NBM archives, R. Pollard, AP report.

POLLI, Giovani         ITALY                  (1813-1880)                  (GB)
b: 1813 Milan;
d: Jun.1880.
p: Professor of chemistry, Chemist.
f: Made one flight in his lifetime, Rome-1838.
r: L'Aeronautica Itallia.

POLLOCK, Charles E.         BRITAIN          #*1 (1860?1929)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-X/AG/AH/AL/AS.        Sport balloonist 1890-1910 era.
d: 18 May 1929 Middlesex.
s: Officer in the British Army, Retired Major General; Outstanding and colorful career; Served in India 1897-98; France 1914-19.
f: First B-Flight Jul.1896 with P.SPENCER; First B-Solo Jul.1897 from Welsh Harp; Considered expert balloonist by 1900; Made 70 ascents by 1906; FAI-RAC B-License #1 issued 14 Jun.1905; Very active in all phases of aeronautics in early 1900's.
l: Crossed the English Channel twice w/P.SPENCER (1896 & 97); Co-owned a balloon (w/T.SOPWORTH) in 1905; Crossed the English Channel three times as pilot (1906-8); Aide to J.DUNNVILLE in 1908 G-Bennett B-Race.
m: Royal Aero Club (FM).
r: l'Aerophile-Sep.1906.
h: RAC Silver Medal for general merit.
r: The Motor Car Journal 27 Feb.1904.

POMASKI, Wladyslaw            POLAND          (1895-1981)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/CH.         Military & Sport balloonist.
b: 9 Apr.1895 near Warsaw.
d: 7 Mar.1981 London.
s: Officer in the Polish Air Force; Pilot in wing of British Air Force in WW2.
f: B-History unknown.
l: 1932, Placed 4th (w/A.JANUSZ) in the G.Bennett B-Race; Participant on G-Bennett B-Races of 1934, 35, and 36.
r: A.Janusz Mar.1991; BF-N/D 1981p4.

PONTAIN, ?         BRITAIN                  (1760?1820)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A/X.         Sport balloonist 1785 era.
p: Doctor of Medicine.
a: Resident of Dublin Ireland. ***Epic flight 17 Jun.1785 from Dublin. Attempted to cross the Irish Sea in a muscle-powered, propeller driven balloon. The craft landed at Powercourt, 16 miles inland.

POOLE, John Jr.         BRITAIN                  (1786-1872)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-X.          Son of balloonist John Sr.; Sport balloonist 1826-36 era.

POOLE, John Sr.         BRITAIN                  (1760?1820)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A.                 Sport balloonist
Father of balloonist John Jr.
f: Made one recorded flight 15 Oct.1785 from Bury in a self-made balloon.

POPE, Loverne Arthur         USA                 #*158 (1894?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AS.                 Military balloonist.
b: 13 Dec.1894 Roseland, NB; Res.of Platteville (WI) 1969.
e: Colorado School of Mines, Geology-1916; Beta Theta Pi.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy; Naval Aviator #1032; Served as Airship pilot in England and France 1917-18; Served as Kite Balloonist off Chile in 1921 (USS-Idaho); Operations Officer at Pearl Harbor 1938; Operations Officer at Johnston Isl.1941; Director of photography, Chief of Naval Photo service 1947; Served on many ships; Outstanding Naval career; Ret.Capt.1949.
f: Received all Balloon & Airship training with the Royal Navy (RNAS-Roehampton & RNAS-Cranwell); FAI-RAC B-License #158 issued 29 May 1918; Airplane & Seaplane pilot & instructor.
h: Commendation for Airship service in WW-1; Bronze Star for combat as CO of USS-Munda in 1945.
a: 230 Washington St; Platteville, WI 53818.
r: Contact-Profiles p284.

PORTER, Fitz-John         USA                  (1822-1901)                  (HP)
See APPENDIX-M.                 Military B-Observer.
b: 31 Aug.1822 Portsmouth, NH;
d: 21 May 1901 Morristown, NJ.
e: U.S.Military Academy at West Point, 1845.
s: Officer in the Union Army 1845-63, 1886-90; Outstanding & controversial military career; Cashiered from the Army 21 Jan.1863 for disobeying orders; Reinstated 5 Aug.1886, at the rank of Colonel.
p: Mining Engineer 1863-86, Construction Superintendent; Police Commissioner; Fire Commissioner.
l: Successfully used balloons for combat observation. ***Epic flight 11 Apr.1862 (see J.BRYAN) from Yorktown, PA. Tether line broke on his observation balloon. The aeronauts made a 30 minute free-flight over enemy battlefield lines.
r: NT-22 May 1901 (T).

PORTER, Rufus         USA                  (1792?1860)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-S.                 Aeronaut extraordinaire.
b: 1 May 1792 Bedford, MA.
e: Freeburg Academy; Dartmouth College.
p: Shoemaker, Musician (fife), Farmer, Metalworker, Printer, Journalist; Professional balloonist 1830-60 era.
f: Witnessed first B-Flight 1819 (LEE?) at Cambridge, MA; Made a trip around the World to demonstrate & sell balloons.
l: Preacher, Dancer, Poet, Artist (portraits); Inventor, Made a successful repeating rifle & pistol; Co-founder (w/ROBJOHN) of the "Aerial Navigation Co. in 1852; Co-founder of Scientific American Magazine in 1845.

POST, Frederick Agustus         USA         # 77         (1873-1952)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AF/AH/AI/AR/AX.         Aeronaut extraordinaire.
b: 8 Dec.1873 Brooklyn, NY;
d: 5 Oct.1952 New York, NY.
e: Brooklyn Poly; Amherst College-1895; Harvard Law School-1896.
p: Barnstormer for T.BALDWIN 1909, Banker, Aviation Consultant; Major in Aviation Police Reserve of New York City; Secretary of the New York State Aviation Committee; Considered an expert in aviation matters.
f: First B-Flight 1900 from Paros FRA; Made 2 free-flights by 1907; First B-Solo 1910 from Hammondsport (NY) to Squantan (MA); Airship pilot for T.S.BALDWIN 1909; Airplane pilot 1910; FAI-ACA B-License #77 issued 18 Jul.1917.
l: Designed, built, & flew his own glider in 1908; Participated in many National & In'tl B-Events; Official FAI-ACA observer of early flights by Wright & Curtis; Official FAI-ACA observer of early National B-Races; Official FAI rule-maker for Lindbergh's Transatlantic flight; Organized first Aerial Police of New York City; Author: World in the Air," "Skycraft," and "Navigating the Air"; Editor: "The Landing Field" (Boys Life Magazine); Wrote many aviation articles.
m: FAI (FM-1905); Aerial experimenters Assoc.; Early Birds; National Aero Council; ACA (FM), Treasurer-1906, Secretary 1908-28; SSA; Harvard Aero Society; Minute-Men of America; Musicians Club of America; Camp Fire of America; Boy Scouts of America (Nat.Council).
h: ACA-Gold Medal; Gold Medaile d'Honneur Ligue Internationalle des Aviateurs; G.Bennett B-Trophy; Many other honors. ***Epic flight 11 Oct.1908 (w/C.FORBES) from Berlin GER in "Conqueror." Competing in the G-Bennett B-Race, the balloon exploded at 3000' over the city, and crashed onto a rooftop. The aeronauts received only minor injuries. ***Epic flight 8 Aug.1909 from St.Louis (MO). Established an altitude record of 16,616' and a duration of 48:26 hours. ***Epic flight 17 Oct.1910 (w/A.HAWLEY) from St. Louis, MO. Competing in the U.S.National B-Race, they landed (after 1173 S.m.) in Ont. Canada. Establishing a new FAI-Duration record of 48:26:30.
r: Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43; NT-5 Oct.1952 p88 (T).

POSTNIKOV, Fyodor Alexas         USA          (1872-1947)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-J/AN.                 Military Balloonist.
Name sometimes spelled Fedor Postnekoff; Emigrated to the USA about 1904.
b: 29 Feb.1872 Russia (of Cossack nobility);
d: ?1947 Littlerock, AR.
e: Russian Army B-School at St.Petersberg.
s: Officer in the Imperial Russian Army 1900-04, achieved rank of Colonel; Formed first Russian Naval OB-Detachment (of 100 men) under Admiral Yessen; Observation balloonist in the Russo-Japanese War 1904-07; Served at Valdevostak harbor, tethered to a ship; Enlisted in the U.S.Army B-Corps 1917, Served as an air-service instructor.
p: Civil Engineer, Editor, author, farmer; Airship design consultant for Goodyear.
l: Witnessed fateful August 1904 flight of C.MORELL.
m: In'tl President of the Espiranto Society. ***Epic flight 25 Apr.1904 (w/Kovanko) from Valdivostok. Sustained rifle fire for 8-minutes over own forces. Landed at Nikolsk and reported that bullet-fire sounded like a swarm of bees.
a: granddaughter; Peggy Postnikov Grunland; Berkley, CA 510/526-8001.
r: Eyes of the Army; San Francisco Chronicle 12 Aug.1904; To Ascend from a floating Base p74-5; R.Layman archives.

POTTHAST, Bruno         GERMANY          (1918-1967)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-BF.                 Sport balloonist.
b: 30 Mar.1918 Munster.
d: 5 Dec.1967 Munster.
f: German B-License #102 issued 1956; Last B-Flight 1967; More than 102 lifetime flights.
m: Augsburger and Munster Balloon Clubs.
h: Montgolfier Diploma-1960.
r: FuA p118.

POWELL, Charles S.         USA                  #-49 (1891?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AR/CH.         Military balloonist. (Bio-data unknown)
b: 30 Sep.1891 Richmond, KY.
s: Officer in the U.S. Army.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #353 issued 6 Feb.1918.
l: Aide to KEPNER in the 1929 G-Bennett B-Race.
r: ACA-files.

POWELL, James F.         USA                 #-994 (1893?1970)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AI/AR.         Military balloonist. (Bio-data unknown)
b: 30 Aug.1893 Ft.Monroe, VA;
e: Army Industrial College.
s: Officer in the U.S. Army 1917-20, AirCorps 1920-45; Full Colonel by 1941.
f: Completed B-Training-1921, Airships-1924, Airplanes-1926.
f: FAI-ACA B-License #994 issued 27 May 1926.
l: Placed fourth in the 1926 U.S.National B-Race.
r: ACA-files; Who's Who in Aviation 1942-43.

POWELL, John W.         USA                  (1870-1958)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist 1888-95 era.
b: 1870;
d: 11 Jan.1958 (age 88).
p: Metal worker in later life, retired 1944.
f: First B-Flight in a self-made balloon; Made all of his own balloons & parachutes; Flew the Summer County Fair circuit; Headquarters in St.Louis; Flew in England about 1903. ***Epic flight 1895 from St.Louis. Launch was normal, but he landed straddling a picket fence, and temporally retired from Ballooning.
r: Jackson (MI) Citizen 31 May 1964.

POWELL, Walter         BRITAIN                  (1860?1881) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/X.         Sport balloonist 1881 era.
p: Member of Parliament.
f: First B-Flight early 1881.
l: Financial backer of many aero-nautical experiments. ***Epic flight 10 Dec.1881 (w/TEMPLAR & GARDNER) from Bath in "Salidin." Grapnel caught suddenly and threw the other two aeronauts out of the basket. Powell was carried out to sea and his body never found. The balloon was later recovered in Spain.

POWERS, G.Duane         USA                  (1937-                  (HB/GB)
See APPENDIX-BJ/BY.         Military Balloonist.
b: 27 Nov.1937 Oklahoma.
e: AS-Degree, Electronics major.
p: Professional Balloonist for the U.S.Navy, 1972-92; China Lake Weapons Development (NAVWEPCEN).
f: First B-Flight Nov.1969 with J.CRAIG; First B-Solo May 1972 from China Lake, CA; FAA B-License #536323840 issued 5 Nov.1975; More than 800 hours (38 Gas starts) by 1991.
l: 1982, Participated in Modern G-Bennett B-Races; 1983, Participated in U.S.Gas Balloon circuit; 1984, Participated in Classic G-Bennett B-Races (Zurich, SWI); 1984, Participated in U.S.Gas Balloon circuit.
m: BFA; NAA.
a: 1461 Phillips; Ridgecrest, CA 93555.
r: Bio-data Nov.1991.

PRAGLER, Stephan         GERMANY          (1875-1969)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AU.         Sport balloonist.
b: 28 Jun.1875 Berlin.
d: 29 May 1969 Dusseldorf.
e: Doctor of Philosophy; Doctorate in Engineering.
p: University professor; Balloon rigger. f: German B-License issued 10 Sep.1910; More than 90 B-Flights in lifetime.
l: Crossed the Alps Bitterfeld to Graz 3 Apr.1912.
m: Berliner, Bitterfelder Munster, Neiderrheinischer and Sachsisch B-Clubs.
h: Dadalus Silver Medal & DAeC Gold Ehrennadel-1965; Dadalus Gold Medal-1969.
r: Freiballonfurher und Anwarter p118.

PRATHER, Victor A.         USA                  (1930?1961) K          (GB/SB)
See APPENDIX-B/AA/AP/BS.         Strato-Balloonist. (bio-data unknown)
d: 4 May 1961 Gulf of Mexico.
e: Tufts College Medical School, MD-1952.
s: Medical officer (flight surgeon) in the U.S.Navy, Lt.Cmdr.in 1961. f: Apt student of Ben LEVITT; extent of ballooning unknown. ***Epic flight 4 May 1961 (w/M.ROSS) from the aircraft carrier Enterprise in "Strato-Lab." Flight established a FAI-Altitude record of 113,733' but was marred when it landed in the water. Prather removed his helmet and his pressure suit swamped with water. Even though he had practiced this possibility, he drowned before reaching a flotation ring provided from a helicopter.
r: NT-5 May 1961p1:2; E.Yost, B. Levitt archives.
a: Family and address unknown; widow lived in Detroit, MI.

PRATT, Clifford V.                 USA                #-471         (1897-1969)                         (GB)
See APPENDIX-AR.                        Professional Aeronaut
b: 8 May 1897 Montello, WI.
d: 8 Dec.1969 Glendale, CA.
s: Officer in the U.S.Army; Balloon & Airship pilot.
p: Goodyear Balloon & Airship pilot.
f: Early training unknown; FAI-ACA B-License #471 issued 13 Mar.1918.
m: NAOBBV, President 1955-56; LTAS.
r: BF-Apr.1969p7 (T).

PRENDERGAST, Paul A.            USA                  (1931-                  (HB)
See APPENDIX- (B).                 Semi-Professional balloonist (Bio-data unavailable)
b: 1931 (age 54)
p: Accountant; Part-time balloonist for "Balloons by Terry Dillard" of Winter Park.
f: Early flight history unknown; 162.5 hours TT at time of accident Commercial pilot license #198245582.
m: BFA, Pilot profficiency-7. ***Epic flight 7 Apr.1985 (w/Judy Marsh & Christine Pierce, sisters) from Winter Park (FL) Fairgrounds. Witnesses reported "popping and hissing" sounds on landing near Valencia. The pilot (w/burns to his right arm) and Judy (suffering minor injuries) jumped out of the basket at the S.Coast College Campus. The balloon rose to about 350' with Christine before it exploded, and was recovered a mile away. Investigation revealed that a POL fitting had broken at the threads.
a: 3529 Edgewater Dr.; Orlando, FL 32804; 305/422-3529. NOTE: The Orlando newspaper reported J.Marsh as the fatality; Terry Dillard as the owner of the Firefly-7B balloon (N3693B).
r: NTSB-report MIA85FA143; Orlando Sentinel p1.

PRATJE, Fritz         GERMANY          (1883-1965)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/CH/AU.         Sport balloonist.
b: 21 Jan.1883 Buenos Aires;
d: 5 Dec.1965 Munster.
p: Maritime officer; Trade school director in Munster.
f: German B-License issued 25 Jul.1912; Reissued as #48 4 May 1951.
l: Participant in the 1912 G-Bennett B-Race.
r: FuA p118.

PREHM, Wilhelm         GERMANY          (1885?1965)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/CH/AU.         Sport balloonist.
h: DVL Gold Award for 1928 flight; FB-Gold Sports Award-1935.
f: German B-License issued 1914; Last recorded B-Flight 1936; More than 58 ascents.
l: Participant in the 1935 & 36 G-Bennett B-Races.
m: Chemnitzer and Obererzgebirgischer B-Clubs. ***Epic flight 28-29 Oct.1928 from Berlin to Finland; 1007 Km., of which 800 were over open Sea.
r: FuA p118.

PRESTON, Ralph Albion Drury         USA          #-49 (1889-1954)          (GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/AI/AR/AX.         Sport balloonist 1920-30 era.
b: 10 Apr.1889 Natick.
d: 16 May 1954 Mt.Vernon, NY.
e: Mass.Institute of Technology, BS-1910.
s: Officer in the U.S.Navy 1918-21; Naval aviator #619; Balloon & Airship test pilot; Director of the first Navy B-School at Akron, Ohio.
p: Engineer for Goodyear LTA Division; Supervisor of aeronautical development & production; Manager & Chief Pilot for Goodyear B-School; Investment counselor 1920-50. f: First B-Flight 13 May 1913 with R.UPSON; FAI-ACA B-License #49 issued 1914; Participant in many B-Events; FAI-Airship License #8 for Rigid & Non Rigid airships.
r: NT-17 May 1954 p23 c3 (T); Contact Profiles p193.

PRICE, James W.         USA                  (1875?1930)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional balloonist.
p: Worked for "Wilsons Circus"; Protégé of W.BURNS; Worked assistant, Miss.K. Cameron.
f: First B-Flight 1884 USA; Made 500 ascents by 1898.
l: Made two World Tours before 1898; Flew in: Britain, Indonesia, Thailand (Bangkok), Madagascar, Mauritius, S.Africa (2 Apr.1893); Flew in Hawaii (Pearl City) 22 Feb.1898; Inventor of the "Hemichute," and an Airship.
a: Resident of Springfield, IL.
r: Early Aeronautics in S.Africa; Burns-Scrapbook (M.Galvin archives).

PRIEUR, Y.P.G.                 FRANCE                 (1895?1920)                         (HP)
FIRST to use rockets in airplane combat; FIRST to destroy a balloon with a rocket.
s: Officer in the French Army, airplane pilot. ***Epic flight 22 May 1916 during the battle of Verdun. Prieur used electrically fired rockets to destroy a German Kite Balloon.

PRINCE, Alexander M.F.            FRANCE          (1843-1870) K                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-B/N.         Mid names "Martin Francis."
b: 1843 Jurancon.
d: 30 Nov.1870 North Sea.
p: Sailor, based at Toulon. ***Epic flight 30 Nov.1870 from Paris in "Jacquard." On leave in Paris when the enemy surrounded the city during the Franco-Prussian War. He volunteered to depart alone and was last seen crossing open water. His body was never recovered.
r: Balloon Post of the Siege of Paris.

PRINCE, Benjamin         USA                  (1890?1910) K                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-B/L.                 Professional balloonist.
***Epic flight 14 Aug.1910 from Asbury Park, NJ. Lost his grip on his trapeze on ascent, and fell 2000'into a tree. Unfortunately, the branches caught him by the neck.
r: Daily News 13 Aug.1910.

PRITCHARD, Frank         USA                  (1922-                  (HB)
See APPENDIX-BI/BK.         Sport Balloonist.
b: 29 Oct.1922 Manchester (ENG); Father of balloonist, Leslie.
e: General Motors Institute, BME-1947.
p: Mechanical engineer for General Motors, Ret.1980.
f: Self taught balloonist; First B-Flight 26 Jan.1969 (Flint, MI); Received FAA B-License same day, on first solo flight; More than 145 B-Hours by 1983.
l: 1970, Winner of U.S. National HB-Championships; 1960-83, Member of the Michigan Ski Patrol; 1983, Director of Boyne Mountain Ski Patrol.
m: BFA, Board of Directors, Chairman of FAA-Liason committee, Chairman of Safety Committee.
a: Resident of Flint & Walloon Lake, MI.
r: Bio-Data form 1983.

PROBUSTING, Herbert            GERMANY            (1897-1982)          (OB/GB)
See APPENDIX-AH/CH/AU.         Sport balloonist.
b: August 1897.
d: 16 Feb.1982.
s: Military Observation balloonist 1915.
f: First free-balloon flight 1927 w/E.Leimkugel; German B-License issued 9 Jul.1931; German B-License #4 reissued 28 Jan.1951; Last recorded B-Flight 1961; More than 110 ascents.
l: Participant in the 1934 G-Bennett B-Race.
m: Niederrheinischer and Essen B-Clubs.
r: FuA p118.

PROKOFIEV, Gregory A.            RUSSIA          (1902-1939) K          (GB/SB)
See APPENDIX-AP/AQ.         Military Balloonist.
Mid name: Alekseyevich.
b: 17 Aug.1902.
d: 23 Apr.1939.
e: Russian Air Force Academy, 1929-Aero Engineering.
p: Officer in the Russian Army Air Service 1933-39; Chief Pilot/Test Pilot. Developer of survival equipment.
f: First B-Flight 1833.
h: Received "Order of Lenin" posthumusly. ***Epic flight 30 Sep.1933 (w/BIRNBAUM & GUDENOFF) from Moscow in "USSR." Flight to 62,230' in 8:19 was not recognized as an FAI official record as Russia was not a member nation.
r: Great Russian Encyclopedia.

PUGLISCHI, Ubaldo         ITALY                  (1870?1920)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-AV.         Sport & Scientific balloonist 1900-10.
***Epic flight 9 Jan.1905 (w/GIANETTI & P.ALEXANDER) from Porta del Popula. Made a high altitude & long duration flight for meteorological study.
r: PYA-Scrapbook.

PULMAN, Arthur V.         BRITAIN                  (1860?1930)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-A.                 Sport Balloonist.
f: First B-Flight with J.SIMMONS from Leeds in 1885.
l: B-Miester for J.SIMMONS fateful flight of 1888.
m: Royal B-Society, Secretary 1888.

PUSEY, Joshua         USA                  (1830?1880)                  (GB)
See APPENDIX-S.                 Professional Balloonist.
p: Worked for Tournaire's Circus 1851-57.
f: First B-Flight 21 Sep.1850 from Reading to Haddington, PA; Noted that the snowflakes rose (as he descended) in a storm.
a: Resident of the Northeast USA.
r: Hartford Daily Courant 21 Sep.1850.

PUTTFARKEN, Alonzo B.            USA                  (1840?1880)                  (SM)
See APPENDIX-L/S.                 Professional Balloonist. (Bio-Data unverified)
p: Trapeze artist, Balloonist, Farmer.
f: Reportedly made previous ascents in the San Francisco (CA) area. ***Epic flight Aug.1880 from Seattle, WA. Flight in a Smoke Balloon ended by parachuting onto Vashion Island. Hostile Indians on the Island abandoned it when they saw this unusual monster approaching.
r: Beachcomber Mag. V2#5 (3 Apr.1958).



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